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Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) is a known gastrointestinal disorder that has been well documented but is difficult to diagnose noninvasively.
In ancient India arrow injury was prevalent as it was a one of the most frequently used weapon. With passage of time use of bow and arrow became restricted to tribal area and its use became limited mostly to hunting. But in the recent years with progressively increasing terrorist activity in some areas arrow injuries are becoming more and more frequent.
An Ultra-High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (UHPLC-TOF-MS) method for quantitative analysis of 30 drugs in whole blood was developed and validated. The method was used for screening and quantification of common drugs and drugs of abuse in whole blood received from autopsy cases and living persons.