Articles Related to Escherichia coli
Genetic Relatedness and Characterization of O25b-B2-ST131, in Stool Isolates of Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporin-Resistant Escherichia Coli Strains in Healthy Children under 10 Years of Age
Background and Purpose: Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the multidrug-resistant pathogens, producing extendedspectrum beta-lactamase enzymes. Molecular typing of this pathogen can be useful for determining the source of dissemination and transfer of resistance and virulence genes of these isolates. Considering the significance of infection in children, in this study, we examined the stool flora of children (<10 years) to show the characteristics and clonal relationship of the isolates.
Effects of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli on haematological parameters, immunity, gut microbiota profile and metabolites in weaned Ningxiang piglets
The purpose of this study was to clarify the response of Ningxiang pig against pathogenic enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) during the weaning period. Sixteen weaned Ningxiang pigs, were selected from one litter at 28 days and randomly allocated into two groups, with or without oral administration of ETEC (109 colony forming units/piglet/d) for two consecutive days. Blood and intestinal samples were collected after sacrifice to investigate the influence for systemic and gastrointestinal tract influences
Virulence and Comparison of Methods for Detection of Biofilm Formation by Escherichia coli Isolated from Retail Meat in Tunisia
The virulent Escherichia coli strains are responsible for extraintestinal infections. However, no past studies have been undertaken via the presence of virulence genes, ability of biofilms formation and the frequency of Escherichia coli pathovars recovered from different butcheries and slaughterhouses in Tunisia. The aims of this study was to investigate 1-) the prevalence of pathogenic E. coli strains isolated from bovine, ovine, and poultry meat in Tunisia, 2-) to determinate the antibiotic resistance profiles, and 3-) to determine their biofilm-forming ability by three phenotypic methods .Totally, 36 E. coli isolates from meat of healthy animals (bovines, ovine, and chickens) collected from different butcheries and slaughterhouses were investigated by searching by PCR genes encoding virulence factors (hlyA, stx1, stx2, fimH, papC, eaeAet papG allèle III, ibeA, iutA, and antibiotic susceptibility testing. Biofilm production was detected by three phenotypic: Congo Red Agar (CRA) method, tube method (TM) and tissue culture plate (TCP) method. In addition, the genetic relationship of isolates was determined by PFGE.
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been proposed as vehicles for the sensitization of T cells by decreasing their activation threshold.
Bacteriological Quality of Milk in Raw Bovine Bulk Milk in the Selected Milk Collection Centers: Smallholder Dairy Processing Ethiopia
Cross-sectional study was conducted to examine and identify quality of raw bovine milk from in Arsi Zone and East Shewa Zone, in Oromia, Ethiopia. The purpose of the study was to assess hygienic practices during milking, milk collection and bacteriological quality of cow’s milk in Arsi and East Shewa Zones milk collection centers.
Aeromonas infections in humans are becoming increasingly frequent. They have the potential to infect humans and are associated with a variety of illnesses, such as enterocolitis, septicemia, skin and soft tissue infectious and peritonitis.
The Roles of Procalcitonin, C-Reactive Protein and Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate in Predicting Bacteremia
The early differentiation between infectious and non-infectious sepsis remains a challenge due to the lack of a reliable, ready available and quick biomarker of bacterial sepsis. This study aims to determine the diagnostic accuracies of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) as individual and combined predictors of bacterial sepsis, when compared to the gold standard microbiological cultures
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae causes porcine pleuropneumonia, a disease which occurs world-wide and affects pigs of all ages. The study on the protective immune mechanism is not thoroughly clear. An outer membrane protein (OMP) was identified by screening a phage library of 3~8kb random DNA fragments of A. pleuropneumonia serotype 7.
Reduction of Bitterness and Enhancing Palatability of Cetirizine Oral Liquid Dosage Forms by Cyclodextrins
The aim of this manuscript is to study cyclodextrins (CDs) as a potential excipient to suppress bitterness and enhance palatability of pediatric liquid preparations for Cetirizine, an extremely bitter drug. Natural α, β and γ CDs; and β CD derivatives such as hydroxyl propyl (HP), randomly methylated (RM) and sulfobutyl ether (SBE) β-CDs were screened in different molar ratios of 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3 for their inhibition of the extremely bitter taste of Cetirizine using the human gustatory sensation test.
Three surgical case reports are presented to demonstrate the clinical efficacy of using an improved aqueous solution of chlorine dioxide complex (160 ppm) as a topical antiseptic in the post operative management of serious wounds in dogs. In vitro studies are included to demonstrate the antiseptic properties of this new chlorine dioxide complex.
The Ni(II) Complex of 2-Hydroxy-Pyridine-N-Oxide 2-Isothionate: Synthesis, Characterization, Biological Studies, and X-ray Crystal Structures using (1) Cu Kα Data and (2) Synchrotron Data
C12H20N6NiO6S2 or NiL2(SCN)2](NH4)2.2H2O, where L is 2-hydroxy-pyridine-N-oxide, has been prepared and characterized using elemental analyses, IR, UV and visible spectrometry, magnetic moment measurements, thermal analyses and single crystal X-ray analyis. The results indicate that the complex reacts as a bidentate ligand and is bound to the metal ion via the two oxygen atoms of the ligand (HL).