Articles Related to Ethiopia
Prevalence and Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity among Adults in the Selected Towns of Western Ethiopia: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study
The risk of overweight and/ or obesity is one of the increasing conditions worldwide touching both the developed and developing countries. It is becoming much devastating specially in town population. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight/obesity and the associated risk factors among adults residing in the selected towns of western part of Ethiopia.
Normal Value of Antistreptolysin O Titer in Rheumatoid Heart Disease who are on Secondary Prophylaxis and in Apparently Healthy Children at Debreberhan Referral Hospital, Ethiopia
Anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titer assists for the diagnosis of streptococcal infections and their sequele. Normal value of Anti-streptolysin O titer is not available for Ethiopian populations. These studies establishes and compare the normal reference value in Rheumatoid Heart Disease (RHD) and in apparently healthy children.
Assessing Satisfaction and Motivation of Health Extension Workers (Hews) and Factors Associated with it in Gambella Region, Gambella, Southwest Ethiopia, 2018: A Cross-Sectional Study
Health extension workers (HEWs) are the frontline health workers for Ethiopia’s primary health care system.
Determinants of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV Among Infants Born from HIV Positive Women in North Wollo Zone, North East Ethiopia: 2018, Case Control Study
HIV infection has a pandemic aspect and is extremely severe, making it one of the most important current public health problems.
Setting Threshold Value for Peripheral Blood Morphology Slide Review of Leucocytes and Lymphocytes at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Evaluation of peripheral blood morphology is an important screening tool for many diseases.
Prevalence of Cs and Early Maternal Complication, among Cs Delivered Mothers at Jugol Hospital, Harar, Ethiopia
The rise in cesarean delivery has higher maternal risks for the current and subsequent pregnancies. It is associated with short and long term complication as any surgical procedure. As prevalence of Cesarean section increased beyond reminded range without concomitant decrease in maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity rates significant concern that C/S is over used once women has had one birth by Ceserean section.
This review is aimed to review breeding objectives and practices of small holder sheep production in Ethiopia.
Availability and Knowledge of Iodized Salt at Household Level and Associated Factors at Debre Tabor Town, Northwest Ethiopia
IDDs are among the major public health problems of the world. Nearly two billion individuals worldwide and about 350 million Africans are at risk of iodine deficiency and face many risks from its deficiency and complications. Poor knowledge related to iodine diet and iodized salt utilization were some of the factors. Poor Educational status, Occupation and Sources of Information were frequently cited factors related to Knowledge on iodized salt consumption. Iodized salt is an effective and cheap method to prevent and control iodine deficiency in the community.
Acceptability of Provider-Initiated HIV Testing and Counseling as an Intervention for Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending at Public Health Facilities in Harar Town Eastern Ethiopia 2018
Accepting one’s HIV sero-status is a critical first step in preventing mother to child transmission of HIV. HIV counseling and testing provides an entry point to PMTCT services for pregnant women.
Occurrences of Dairy Calf Mortality and Morbidity and the Associated Risk Factors in Sululta and its Environs, Central Ethiopia
Calf morbidity and mortality are important causes of economic losses on dairy farms worldwide. A cross-sectional study and clinical observation was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the objective of determining calf morbidity and mortality and to investigate the potential risk factors for mortality and morbidity in Sululta and its environs. A total of 312 respondents engaged in market oriented small holder dairying were interviewed using a structured questionnaire survey about their farm and calf management practices and major calf health problems encountered and diseases that causes mortality. The overall magnitude of morbidity and mortality of calves were 31.0% and 58.37%, respectively. The major calf diseases found were diarrhea (69.34%), pneumonia (16.54%), liver fluke (2.4%), bloat (2.0%), joint ill (2.4%) and other cases (8.04%). Risk factors such as weaning age, breed and awareness of colostrums, feeding of calf and overall farm management were included. In this study 80.3% of calf mortality occurs under age 3 month and 19.42% is above 3 month. Based on laboratory examination, Salmonella and E.coli were detected from diarrheic calves. Salmonella found at rate of 2/29 (3.6%) and E.coli found at only genus level. In conclusion, the magnitude of calf morbidity and mortality found in this study were much higher than economically tolerable level and could greatly affect the productivity of the dairy farms through mainly decreasing the availability of replacement stock and production of milk. It is therefore, suggested that implementation of improved calf and farm management practices and proper environmental protection in the study areas would significantly reduce calf mortality and morbidity.
Cattle Ticks and Tick Borne Haemoparasite Species Identification and Associated Risk Factors in Two Districts of West Arsi Zone, Ethiopia
Different tick species and tick-borne diseases of cattle are present in Ethiopia and they induce huge production loss in livestock industry by creating serious animal health problems. The present study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 in Arsi Negele and Asasa districts of West Arsi Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. A cross sectional study design and purposive sampling technique were employed to select 384 study animals so as to identify ticks species and tick-haemoparasite species and also to identify risk factors that affect the prevalence and association of tick born diseases. Tick and haemoparasite identification were carried out by using drect stereomicroscopic and direct thin blood examination. The study identified two tick genera and four tick species. The tick species encountered were Rhipicephalus decoloratus (51.6%) Ambylomma variegatum (46.1%) Ambylomma gemma (20.1%) and Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (1.2%). Out of all 384 cattle examined for the presence of tick-born haemoparasites 11.4% (n=44) of them were positive. From this 6.2%, 3.6 %, 1.3% and 0.8% of them were positive for Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bigemina, Babesia bovis and Anaplasma marginale, respectively. Two cattle (0.5%) were found positive for both Anaplasma marginale and Babesia bigemina. The highest prevalence of total tick born haemoparasites (57.1%) was occurred in A. Variegatum, A. gemma and R. decoloratus mixed infestations. In conclusion ticks and tick born haemoparasitic infections were common problems in the study area. Thus, awareness creation for farmers about the impacts of ticks and tick born diseases on livestock production and productivity and also applying appropriate and timely strategic tick control methods by veterinary service providers were advisable.
Impacts of Climate Change on Livestock Production and Productivity and Different Adaptation Strategies in Ethiopia
This review work was conducted to explore the likely impacts of climate change on livestock production and productivity and different adaptation strategies in Ethiopia. National average temperature has increased by 1 °C since the 1960s. Most of the livestock owners in the country perceive there are a climate change impacts on Livestock production and productivity. The major effects of climate change on livestock production include feed shortage, shortage of water, livestock genetic resources loss, reduced productivity, and decreased mature weight and/or longer time to reach a mature weight in their order of importance. Higher temperatures resulting from climate change may increase the rate of development of certain pathogens or parasites that have one or more life cycle stages outside their animal host.
One of the tropical fruits with high economic value is pineapple. Smooth cayenne (smooth leaf) and Red Spanish (Rough leaf) are the two cultivars of pineapple grown in the world. They grow in the soil and resemble epiphytes in that their roots are intolerant of poor soil aeration.
The Combined Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer on Yield and Yield Component of Cabbage (Brassica Oleracea) at Dedebit Central Tigray, Ethiopia
The use of organic fertilizer as an alternative to inorganic fertilizer increased among subsistence farmers in rural areas in meremieti. Despite the fact that, no clear recommendation exist for the application of rate of organic fertilizer on vegetable. Field experiment was conducted to evaluate the different combination of organic and inorganic fertilizer on yield and yield component of cabbage.
Analysis of Start, End and Length of the Growing Season and the Number of Rainy Days in Semi-Arid Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia
Ethiopian agriculture is dominated by smallholder farmers with an average per capita land holding of less than a hectare in which the production system mainly depends on rain fed. In order to characterize the climate of Mieso, Melkassa, and Adami Tulu located in Central rift valley (CRV) of Ethiopia.