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    Annex Publishers, as an Open Access publication model allows the dissemination of research articles to the worldwide community. We offer you the advantage of interaction with the most effective minds from the scientific community. All articles printed under open access will be accessed by anyone.
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    Provides for unrestricted access to journals and publications, along with an ideal platform for thousands of scholarly brains to return together for development of science. Open Access helps accelerate the pace of scientific discovery, encourage innovation, enrich education, and stimulate the economy to enhance the knowledge of the general public.
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Recent Articles

The Vicky Calder Case: A Review

Vicky Calder stood trial twice for the attempted murder of her ex-de facto partner, David Lloyd, by means of deliberate poisoning with acrylamide. Lloyd was left blind, paralysed from the neck down and was unable to speak without mechanical assistance after he fell into a coma following a mysterious ailment.

Optic Nerve Cavernous Haemangioma as a Rare Cause of Retro-Orbital Pain mimicking Intracranial Aneurysm.

Cavernous haemangiomas of the optic nerve, optic chiasm or optic tract are rare. Usually they present with acute onset of symptoms such as acute decline of visual acuity, headaches, nausea or even decline of the level of consciousness which suggests haemorrhage in or even out of the lesion. Otherwise, they have an insidious clinical pattern with subacute or chronic visual disturbance, diplopia and retro- orbital pain.

Giemsa Staining and Antibody Characterization of Colpodella sp. (Apicomplexa)

Colpodella species are free-living alveolates that possess an apical complex used for attaching to eukaryotic prey protists for ingestion of the cytoplasmic contents of the prey. Colpodella sp. are the closest relatives of the Apicomplexa, a phylum that includes the important human pathogens Plasmodium falciparum, Toxoplasma gondii and Cryptosporidium parvum. In this study, we investigated morphological characteristics of Colpodella (ATCC 50594) in a diprotist culture containing Bodo caudatus as prey in order to identify features differentiating both protists. The level of apical complex protein conservation among free living alveolate relatives of apicomplexans and intracellular apicomplexan pathogens is unknown. Antibodies against proteins of the apical complex in Colpodella sp. are currently unavailable. We performed staining and immunological characterization of Colpodella in a diprotist culture containing B. caudatus to aid routine differentiation of predator and prey in culture. Staining revealed distinguishing morphological features of both protists. The kinetoplast in B.caudatus was identified using Giemsa staining and was used to differentiate B. caudatus from Colpodella sp. trophozoites.

Management-of-Postoperative-Pain-in-Patients-Undergoing-Surgery-for-Mandibular-Fracture

The mandible is one of the most frequently fractured bones in the facial skeleton. Postoperative pain control is an important outcome in assessing overall treatment success and patient satisfaction. However, few focused studies have reviewed protocols for postoperative pain management in patients with mandibular trauma. The aim of this study is to evaluate the protocol for the management of postoperative pain in patients undergoing surgery for a mandibular fracture in our department.