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Instructions for Authors (Author Guidelines)

Author(s) are requested to submit their manuscripts, in accordance with the following format which would help in easy review by the Editorial Board (EB) members.

Title - The title should be specific and concise. It should be in upper case.

Author(s) with affiliations: Affiliations should contain department, university or organization, city, and country of the author(s), along with their email address.

Abstract - Abstract should be clear and concise to convey the manuscript in advance along with the significance of the work to a broad audience. Above all, the abstract ought to contain a quick background of the question(s), an outline of the results while not in depth experimental detail, and an outline of the importance of their findings. Abstracts should be limited to 300 words or less.

List of abbreviations used or Keywords - You should mention minimum 3-5 keywords along with the list of abbreviations if present.

Introduction - The introduction should provide a transparent statement of the study, the relevant literature on the study subject along with the planned approach or resolution. This should be general enough to draw in a reader's attention from a broad array of scientific disciplines.

Materials and Methods – The materials section should include the detailed descriptions of all types of materials used. Methods part should contain sufficient detail so that all procedures can be replicable by other researchers. Authors may divide this into subsections if several methods are described. The methodology should be precise but with sufficient detail to guide scientific replicability.

Results – The result section should describe the outcomes and findings of an article (research, case study, review etc.). It should be clear, comprehensible and concise (using figures & tables). The layout of the result section should be in the same order in which the introduction section is being structured.

Discussions – This section should point out the significance of the results in relation to the reasons for doing the work. It should include the strengths and limitations of the study. Also, interpretation and implications with reference to the context should be given indicating the future research directions.

Conclusions - Conclusion ought to be given for the closure of an article.

Acknowledgments – Here you can include sources of funding, grants, details about anyone who contributed substantially towards the study etc.

References - Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list. Meetings abstracts, conference talks, or papers that have been submitted but not yet accepted should not be cited. All personal communications should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors.

Annex uses the numbered citation (citation-sequence) method. References are listed and numbered in the order that they appear in the text. In the text, citations should be indicated by the reference number in brackets. Multiple citations within a single set of brackets should be separated by commas. Where there are three or more sequential citations, they should be given as a range. Example: "… now enable biologists to simultaneously monitor the expression of thousands of genes in a single experiment [1,5-7,28]". Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order for the relevant journal before ordering the citations. Figure captions and tables should be at the end of the manuscript. Authors are requested to provide at least one online link for each reference as following (preferably PubMed). Because all references will be linked electronically as much as possible to the papers they cite, proper formatting of the references is crucial.

Order of details of a reference should be maintained as below:
Authors (>5 et al.) <space>(Year)<space>Title.<space>Journal name<space>Volume number:<space>page number.<space>doi.

Please use the following style for the reference list:
Published Papers:
1. Lee WL (1989) Long-term outcome of children with febrile seizures. Ann Acad Med Singapore 18: 32-4.
2. Fogelholm RR, Turjanmaa VM, Nuutila MT, Murros KE, Sarna S (1995) Diurnal blood pressure variations and onset of subarachnoid haemorrhage: a population-based study. J Hypertens 13: 495-8.
3. Fisher PG, Breiter SN, Carson BS, Wharam MD, Williams JA, et al. (2000) A clinicopathologic reappraisal of brain stem tumor classification. Identification of pilocystic astrocytoma and fibrillary astrocytoma as distinct entities. Cancer 89: 1569-76.
4. Graves J, Vinayagasundaram U, Mowry EM, Matthews IR, Marino JA, et al. ( 2014) Effects of rituximab on lymphocytes in multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica. Mult Scler Relat Disord 3: 244-52. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2013.

Note: Please list the first five authors and then add "et al." if there are more authors.

1. Guttmann L (1976) Symptomatology. In Spinal Cord Injuries: Comprehensive Management and Research. Oxford University Press.
2.Agur, Anne M. R. And Lee, Ming J (1999) Grant's Atlas of Anatomy (10th edn), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, United States.

Sutcu Y, Li Q, Memon N (2007) Secure biometric templates from fingerprint-face features. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, IEEE Conference.

These should be used at a minimum and designed as simple as possible. We strongly encourage author to submit tables as .doc format. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. Preferably, the details of the methods used in the experiments should be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text. Cells can be copied from an Excel spreadsheet and pasted into a word document, but Excel files should not be embedded as objects.

Note: If the submission is in PDF format, the author is requested to retain the same in .doc format in order to aid in completion of process successfully.

The preferred file formats for photographic images are PNG, TIFF and JPEG. If you have created images with separate components on different layers, please send us the Photoshop files.

All images MUST be at or above intended display size, with the following image resolutions: Line Art 800 dpi, Combination (Line Art+Halftone) 600 dpi, Halftone 300 dpi. See the Image quality specifications chart for details. Image files also must be cropped as close as to the actual image as possible.

Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (i.e., Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.
Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet.

Tables and Equations as Graphics:
If equations cannot be encoded in MathML, submit them in TIFF or EPS format as discrete files (i.e., a file containing only the data for one equation). Only when tables cannot be encoded as XML/SGML they can be submitted as graphics. If this method is used, it is critical that the font size in all equations and tables are consistent and legible throughout all submissions.

Supplementary information:
Discrete items of the Supplementary information (for example, figures, tables) referred to at an appropriate point in the main text of the paper.
Summary diagram/figure included as part of the Supplementary information (optional).
All Supplementary information is supplied as a single PDF file, if possible. File size within the permitted limits for Supplementary Information. Images should be a maximum size of 640 x 480 pixels (9 x 6.8 inches at 72 pixels per inch).

Open Access Journals