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Articles Related to ICU

Tricuspid Valvulectomy in Drug Addicts with Native Valve Endocarditis: A Case Series

From Jan –2004 to Dec-2004, five patients were referred to the surgical department with a diagnosis of endocarditis refractory to medical therapy. Patients were all male, age ranging 16 years to 28 years with a mean of 22 years. All of the five patients had native valve endocarditis of the tricuspid valve with a history of drug addiction in common. Their presentations included, sepsis, failure and recurrent pulmonary embolism. Three of them had bacterial, while two had fungal infection which was proven after blood cultures. After resuscitation, stabilization and preoperative workup, tricuspid valvectomy was performed on these patients because of the destructive and irreparable nature of the native valve. Fortunately, all had uneventful recovery after surgery. Pre-operatively these patients were treated with antibiotics and antifungals, and continued thereafter for almost 4 to 6 weeks in the post-operative period. Postoperatively there was significant tricuspid regurgitation in a subset of patients who had a follow-up. The Left Ventricular (LV) function remained normal to moderate with a moderate pulmonary artery pressure. These patients were discharged on antibiotics and anti-failure medications as per the GDMT.
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Nightmare Case of Complex Neonatal Truncus Arteriosus

Neonatal management of severe quadricuspid truncal valve insufficiency is very challenging with high risk of postoperative mortality. Aortic valve reconstruction is the unique rescue and should be consider and previously planned in case of truncal valvuloplasty failure. Many extracardiac malformations can be associated with truncus arteriosus, therefore a cardiac and chest computed tomography scan must be performed before the elective surgical repair.
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Growth Performance and Carcass Quality of Broilers (Gallus domesticus) Fed with Aguingay (Rotboellia cochinchinensis) and Azolla (Azolla pinnata) Supplements

Recently, there are unaffordable and dangerous commercial feeds that endanger health and financial aspects of both consumers and producers. Thus, this study was conducted in order to have affordable, quality enhanced and healthy feeds. This investigates the potential of Azolla (Azollapinnata) meal and the reliability of Aguingay (Rotboelliaconchinchinensis) Infloresence meal to have improvement of growth performance and carcass quality supplemented to the Broiler chicken.
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Succinylcholine Used for Difficult Airway Lead to Difficult Airway - A Case Report

Succinylcholine (Sch) is usually given for intubation in suspected difficult airway due to its fast onset and short duration of action. We report a case of Masseter Muscle Rigidity (MMR) after giving Sch to a patient for lap cholecystectomy with difficult airway
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Formulation and Characterization of Diclofenac Potassium Transdermal Patches Prepared with Ficus auriculata Fruit Mucilage and Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose K4M

The delivery of the drug at a predetermined controlled rate and its systemic effect is utmost important. Topically administered medicaments in the form of patches is being popular for its effectiveness. The main objective of this research was to formulate matrix-moderated transdermal patch of diclofenac potassium and to evaluate them concerning various in-vitro parameters.
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Cranial Vault Tumor Revealing Metastatic Thyroid Carcinoma

Distant metastases from follicular thyroid carcinoma are not uncommon, but bone localization in the cranial vault is extremely rare. Although these metastases have a poor prognosis, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can improve quality of life. We report a case of follicular thyroid carcinoma revealed by a metastasis of the cranial vault initially diagnosed as meningioma.
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Functional Outcomes of Stapes Surgery with Titanium and Teflon Prosthesis: Randomized Controlled Trial

Prosthesis material and design is thought to have a role in effective sound transmission, rate of complications and success of stapes surgery. Titanium has been shown to be a promising material in this regard. We compared the intra-operative events, complication rate and the hearing outcomes results of stapes surgery using titanium versus fluoroplastic piston prosthesis.
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Cognitive Enhancers Derived from Edible Crops

The concept of an effective cognitive boosting nootropic supplement is gaining traction with consumers, neuroscientists and regulators alike and it is therefore unsurprising that scientifically validated Nootropics are highly prized. New research demonstrates edible crops could be useful sources to mine for new nootropics; plant extracts enriched with an array of cognitive enhancing metabolites. There is merit in investigating these plant species. Metadata has identifies consuming specific fruit and vegetables positively affects cognitive function; therefore these same edible crop plants present as opportunities for developing nootropic formulations. This hypothesis is supported by positive data obtained through clinical testing [e.g. extracts of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), herbs from the Genus Salvia, cocoa (Theobroma), tea (Camellia sinensisor) and coffee (Coffea Arabica). This review will discuss clinically tested cognitive enhancers derived from edible crop species and discuss their use alongside other classes of nootropics.
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Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography for Choroidal Neovascularization and Subretinal Fibrosis in Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is characterized by a progressive fragmentation and calcification of elastic fibers in connective tissue and when Bruch membrane (BM) is affected ocular modifications can be found. Recently, Optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCT-A) contribute to a better comprehension of lesions in PXE.
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A Novel Neuroprotective and Antioxidative Efficacy of a Unique Combination of Standardized Huperzia serrata, Convolvulus pluricaulis and Celastrus paniculatus Extracts

Physical and environmental stress in conjunction with hectic lifestyle and unhealthy food habits are the major cause of diverse neurodegenerative disorders. Oxidative neuronal injury and acetylcholine deficiency have a major impact on learning and memory retention. Most of the treatment strategies are based on the improvement of cholinergic function in the brain and one of the emerging therapeutic targets is to enhance the acetylcholine level in the brain. Standardized botanical extracts including Huperzia serrata (1% Huperzine A, CogniUp), Convolvulus pluricaulis (SP) and Celastrus paniculatus (JY) have been demonstrated to attenuate brain function by serving as a natural acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor.
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Problems of Agriculture in Azerbaijan and the Prospects of its Development

This article examines the current state of soil and water resources, farmland in Azerbaijan Republic, the problem of progressive water and wind soil degradation, the need for the organization of agriculture, taking into account the introduction of automated control systems for irrigation using water saving technology and hardware equipment in it, the study of the characteristics and analysis of experience implementing measures to stabilize ecological and drainage system of agriculture in conditions of insufficient moisture areas in the country, as well as basic aspects of development of environmental reclamation approach balanced, rational use of a particular system of crop rotation and crop taking into account the requirements of economic development and environmental management.
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Diencephalon-Mesencephalon Dysplasia, with Dysplastic Basal Ganglia, and Midline Fusion, a Case Report of Novel Appearances

Diencephalic-mesencephalic junction dysplasia is a rare malformation characterized by a poorly defined junction between the diencephalon and the mesencephalon, associated with a characteristic butterfly-like contour of the midbrain on axial Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sections (butterfly sign). This condition may be variably associated with other brain malformations, including callosal abnormalities and supratentorial developmental hydrocephalus. We report one newborn with third-trimester fetal ultrasound (US) showing ventriculomegaly. After full-term delivery, the baby had microcephaly and generalized hypotonia, and MRI undertaken at age of 5 days, showed features of diencephalic-mesencephalic junction dysplasia (DMJD). The hypothalamic-midbrain fusion and midbrain butterfly sign could have been seen on fetal MRI, thus allowing for the prenatal diagnosis of DMJD, with implications for the surgical management of hydrocephalus and parental counseling.
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Invasive Candidiasis in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Candidemia is the third most common cause of hospital acquired infection affecting infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
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Nematodes in Horticulture: An Overview

Most important studies about plant-parasitic nematode have been performed especially for major crops, such as soybean, rice, corn, and wheat. However, the damage caused by these pathogens in general horticulture should have more attention. Nowadays, horticulture yield results have been relevant, allowing to show its worldwide power in economies and food. In addition, human hunger and diets changes have highlighted the current horticulture scenario and increased efforts towards solutions in diseases and losses caused by phytopathogens. Nematode infection has been the cause of important yield losses in horticulture and the genus Meloidogyne and Pratylenchus are reported to be the most important threats. In addition, as horticulture is associated with a wide number of products, the compilation of information regarding damages, symptoms, resistance, novel solutions and other concepts for phynematode management allows for the better comprehension of the whole situation. Herein, we integrated information about the damage and losses caused by these pathogens in horticulture. Resistant genotypes seem to be the best alternative and, due to wide horticulture aspect, the focus is especially for life sustaining horticultural, such as banana, cassava, potato, and sugar beet. In addition, it was also provided evidence regarding how studies have been conducted on new strategies for resistance and control, such as the elucidation of effector’s functions. Nematode effectors studies, focus on the development of new resistant plant genotypes, is an auspicious strategy against this parasites.
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Post-Weaning Growth Performance of Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus L) Fed on Panicum maximum Supplemented with Graded Levels of Arachis glabrata in the Diet

In order to determine the level of inclusion of Arachis glabrata in the diet of guinea pig (Cavia porcellus L.) fed with Panicum maximum on post-weaning growth performance, reproduction and growth were conducted at the Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit (LAPRONAN) of the Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Science (FAAS) of the University of Dschang between December 2016 and April 2017
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Editorial Board Members Related to ICU

SARA J. SHUMWAY

Professor
Department Cardiothoracic Surgery
University of Minnesota
United States

PAUL G HORGAN

Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Glasgow
United Kingdom

Hani Mansour

Associate Professor
Department of Water Relations & Field /irrigation
National Research Center
Egypt

Ashraf Naeem

Associate professor
Department of Anatomy & Embryology
Zagazig University
Egypt

Cameron Newton

Associate Professor
School of Management
Queensland University of Technology
Australia

Nallasivam Palanisamy

Associate Professor
Michigan Center for Translational Pathology
University of Michigan
United States

ABDUL AHAD

Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmaceutics
King Saud University
Saudi Arabia

Antoine Trzcinski

Lecturer in Water and Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
University of Southern Queensland
Australia

Roger M. Loria

Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Virginia Commonwealth University
United States

Shubiao Wu

Associate Professor
Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies
Aarhus University
Denmark
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