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Articles Related to Mortality

Prevention and Treatment of Esophageal Cancer in China: Achievements and Challenges-Prevention is the Key

Background: The study investigated esophageal cancer etiology and pathology, along with problems associated with surgical treatments. Keywords: Esophageal cancer; Mortality; Etiology; Pathology; Treatment; 5-year survivalIntroduction Methods: Data from the National Cancer Prevention and Control Office and the National Cancer Registry Center (2012) were assessed for information regarding malignant tumor incidence. These data were also used to conduct a mortality analysis and investigate death records pertaining to esophageal cancer patients. We extracted crude and age-specific mortality data and proportional mortality ratios as well as standard mortality data for Chinese and world populations. Esophageal cancer mortality was compared with death statistical data and literature related to esophageal cancer was collected from the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and the Chinese Journal Network.
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Predictors of Delayed Diagnosis and Evolution in Sub-Saharan Immigrants with HIV Infection in a Hospital in Madrid (2004–2013)

The aim of this study was to analyze the delayed diagnosis and evolution of HIV infection in predominantly sub-Saharan immigrants compared to other patients in a hospital in Madrid between 2004 and 2013. We retrospectively analyzed new HIV diagnoses. Late presentation or advanced disease were considered the presence of CD4 lymphocyte counts less than 350 or 200 cells/µl at diagnosis, respectively, or an AIDS-defining disease regardless of the CD4 count. Patients were compared according to their origin and sex.
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Complex Chronic Patients and Atrial Fibrillation: Association with Cognitive Deterioration and Heart Failure

In developed countries, around 3-5% of the people could be identified as chronic complex patients, and they are increasingly at risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) and cognitive impairment. The main objective of this study was to present the current findings on the association between AF and cognitive impairment and mortality risk among chronic complex outpatients (CCP). A multicenter and prospective cohort study of mortality incidence was carried out from 1 January 2013 to 30 September 2016 in a sample of 932 adult patients registered as CCP. To predict hazard ratios, mean survival time, and survival probabilities, a multivariate Cox regression was used.
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Natural Egg Mortality of the African Grey Tree Frog, Chiromantis xerampelina (Amphibia: Rhacophoridae)

Rainfall patterns are recognised as important for normal ecosystem functioning in arid environments. Most attempts made to understand the effect of rainfall on amphibian ecology have focused on long-term rather than short-term trends. Here, factors effecting embryonic mortality and clutch size of the African foam nesting frog Chiromantis xerampelina were examined at two ponds from April – June in 2011-2012 in Malawi. A total of 73 foam nests were monitored following spawning. On average 29% of eggs in 2011 and 26% in 2012 suffered mortality from both ponds and this mortality significantly varied between nests. Linear regression showed that the date of spawning had a significant effect on mortality due to moisture requirements of the eggs. The height of nests over the water surface had a negative impact on clutch size and increased rainfall decreased egg mortality in both years at both ponds. In a changing climate, with rainfall projected to become more infrequent in this region, organisms may not be able to rely on rainfall patterns as cues for reproduction, which may have a negative impact on amphibian populations.
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A Case Series on Severe Corrosive Injury of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

Corrosive injuries of the Upper gastrointestinal tract (UGIT) are common in developing countries mostly mortality and morbidity is high in India due to suicidal attempts. In this case series, a 17 years old female and 51 year old male subject intentionally self-harmed by ingesting toilet cleaner containing higher amounts of hydrochloric acid and presented to the emergency department of tertiary care hospital and the different aspects of the case are discussed in detail in this paper.
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Treosulfan Plus Fludarabine – Encouraging Conditioning for Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma

Allogeneic transplantation (Allo-SCT) in multiple myeloma is controversial mainly due to the relatively high non-relapse mortality (NRM). The aim with this retrospective single-center study was to evaluate recent transplants particularly after conditioning with treosulfan plus fludarabine (TreoFlu).
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Breast Cancer Detection by Determination of Optical Properties of Non-Malignant and Malignant Breast Tissues

Breast cancer being one of the most frequent form of cancer, is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide. Early detection can greatly improve a woman`s chances for survival. In this paper we introduce an economic and accurate optical system for breast cancer detection.
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Age Adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index: Predictor of 90-Day Mortality after Radical Cystectomy

To evaluate the impact of age adjusted Charlson’s comorbidity index (ACCI) in predicting 90-day mortality in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (MIBC) in a low volume center.
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Prevalence and Determinants of Undernutrition among School Age Slum Children in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

The study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of undernutrition and establishing the relationship between prevailing sociodemographic and environmental factor and undernourishment of children aged 6-12 years in four selected slums in Dhaka City, Bangladesh.
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Appendicitis in Pregnancy: How Vestigial is this?

Appendicitis is a rare pregnancy associated surgical emergency, with appendectomy as the most frequent non obstetrical surgical procedure performed in pregnancy. Diagnostic delay increases maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality thereby highlighting the need for a prompt diagnosis and surgery. Two cases of appendicitis with pregnancy are being reported with abdominal pain as common presenting feature.
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Pharmacy Compounding Quality Control and Pharmaceutical Development Strategies for Seventeen alpha Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate in Prevention of Preterm Delivery

Seventeen alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) is the only FDA-approved drug labeled for prevention of preterm delivery. This drug is also available as a compounded product from licensed compounding pharmacies. This article reviews the FDA approval history and pharmacy compounding quality control data of 17-OHPC, as well as briefly discusses possible future pharmaceutical development strategies for 17-OHPC.
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Therapeutic Hypothermia Still Effective in Prevention of Anoxic Encephalopathy following Extended Period of Pulselessness during Cardiac Arrest

There are approximately 300,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests per year with less than 10% of those surviving. More than half of survivors suffer permanent neurologic deficits. Therapeutic hypothermia has proven effective at thwarting neurologic damage occurring in the 16-hour window following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Despite recommendations by the American Heart Association (AHA), many cardiologists have been slow to implement therapeutic hypothermia. While many trials have discussed the relevance of initial rhythm and delay of cooling, there has been limited discussion of the efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia in the presence of extended pulselessness.
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Parenteral Nutrition Utilization in Bone Marrow Transplant Recipients

Bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients often require parenteral nutrition (PN) to meet their nutrient needs. While general guidelines for the provision of PN support by nutrition support teams (NSTs) have been shown to decrease inappropriate PN use, recommendations for nutrition in BMT recipients are lacking.
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The Fatal Alcoholic Ketoacidosis as a Dilemma in the Differential Diagnosis in Unexpected Deaths

48-years old man was found dead at home, lying in his bed. There was a bucket with liquid vomited remnants with no addition of fresh or digested blood found near the bed and an empty bottle of alkaline mineral water often used to attenuate the gastric pain.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Mortality

Chong Lee

Associate Professor
School of Nutrition & Health Promotion
Arizona State University
United States

Afshan B. Hameed

Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
University of California
United States

JING LIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
United States

James Tao

Associate Professor
Department of Neurology
The University of Chicago
United States

DAVID R. BLACK

Professor Emeritus
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Purdue University
United States

ALI H. MOKDAD

Professor of Global Health
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
University of Washington
United States
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