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The Use of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in the Sport-Scientific Context

The focus of this research is aimed specifically at the application of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in exercise and sport science. NIRS is able to monitor the performance of muscle and cerebral tissue and evaluate their role during physical activity. By monitoring tissue oxygenation, an NIRS device is useful in several areas, which may benefit from its applications.
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Age Related Variation in Feminine Handwriting among Population Groups of Delhi, India

Handwriting is a uniquely human trait which progresses and evolves during lifetime and declines with age. The aim of the present paper is to assess variation in handwriting features with age among female writers of select population groups of Delhi, India (for Roman script).
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A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial Evaluating the Effects of an Investigational Study Product on Exercise Induced Muscle Soreness, Markers of Inflammation, Muscle Damage and Exercise Performance in Healthy Males

Gherkin, a pure botanical extract from cucumber is a phytonutrient rich vegetable which may have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties. The purpose of this randomized double-blind placebo study was to determine the effects of Gherkin (Cuvitus™, Actido®)on exercise performance, markers of inflammation and acute muscle soreness in healthy males.
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An Infant with Liver, Kidney, Skin and Musculoskeletal Abnormalities

A 21 day-old boy infant was admitted to pediatric intensive care unit with hypotonia, jaundice and abdominal distention. He was born at 37th week of gestation from first cousin Saudi parents via cesarian section with a birth weight of 2200 g. Physical examination revealed the weight, the length was and the head circumference were <3rd percentile. Dysmorphic features included flattened nasal bridge, high arched palate, lax skin and micrognathia. There were generalized hypotonia, hepatomegaly, abdominal distention and multiple contractures such as radial deviation of the wrist joint (Figure 1).
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Body Image concerns of Male Rugby Players, with specific focus on Muscularity and Body Fat

Despite the high numbers of participants in both rugby league and union, literature on body image of male rugby players is somewhat limited. However, researchers have theorized that the exercise adopted by males may reflect different levels of dissatisfaction, especially in activities that require a large body build, or lean aesthetic physique. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the prevalence of body (dis)satisfaction in terms of muscularity and body fat, and secondly to identify areas of the body that require a change (in either increase/decrease in musculature or body fat) to improve body image.
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Cloning of Perilipin 2 Gene and Investigating its Expression Level in Porcine Longissimus Muscle

PLIN2 belongs to one member of PAT (Perilipin, Adipophilin and Tip47) family, which plays an important role in regulating lipid storage and could be regarded as a candidate gene for intramuscular fat deposition in pigs. This study tried to clone the coding domain sequence (CDS) of PLIN2 gene, compare the nucleotide acids and deduced amino acids sequence, physiological characteristics, structure and the expression level between Wujin (fatty breed) and Landrace (lean breed) pigs. The results showed that the mutation of nucleotide acids led to the mutation of deduced amino acids between two pig breeds.
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Investigation of Homocysteine Levels in Healthy Dogs

Homocysteine is a parameter that plays an important role for diagnosing several diseases mainly cardiovascular diseases. In this study, the first time reference values for homocysteine levels detected in healthy Golden Retriever, Terrier, German Shepherd and Labrador Retriever breeds of dogs play an important role in the prognosis of many diseases.
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MRI of the Psoas Major Muscle: Origin, Attachment, Anatomical Variants and Correlation with the Lumbar Disc Extrusion

To verify the psoas major muscle (PMM) anatomical origin and variants, to evaluate the PMM attachment to the lumbar disc and variants, and to search for correlation between the anatomic variants of PMM attachment to the disc and disc extrusion.
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Fibromatosis Colli, a Rare Cause of Neck Mass in Infants: A Case Report

Fibromatosis colli is a benign fibrous mass developed from the sternocleidomastoid muscle. The exact etiologies are unknown. It seems that it is due to birth trauma. Ultrasound is the diagnostic tool of choice. The treatment is based on physiotherapy.
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Characterization and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Aerococcus and Enterococcus Strains Isolated from Apical Periodontitis in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Apical periodontitis is caused by polymicrobial infection. The causative bacteria are generally organized into biofilms that adhere to the canal walls, and may include facultative bacteria such as Aerococcus and Enterococcus, which are the causative agents of several endodontic infections and have a natural resistance to many antibiotics including penicillin.
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A One-Year Hospital Based Prospective Study of Sickle Cell Disease from One Capital Area of Kuwait by HPLC

Haemoglobinopathies are inherited disorders of haemoglobin synthesis that are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality all over the world.
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Predictors of Stress Fracture Susceptibility in Arab Female Military Recruits during Combat Training: A Preliminary Study

Military recruits and athletes regularly engaging in vigorous physical activities are at increased risk for sustaining lower limb overuse injuries.
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Age Adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index: Predictor of 90-Day Mortality after Radical Cystectomy

To evaluate the impact of age adjusted Charlson’s comorbidity index (ACCI) in predicting 90-day mortality in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (MIBC) in a low volume center.
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Prone Airway Management in Patients with Pressure Ulcers

Pressure ulcers are a critical but manageable complication commonly seen in bed-bound patients. Utilizing the Wound Bed Preparation (WBP) model, it is often necessary to perform surgical debridement in prone position for patients with stage III or IV sacral pressure ulcers to avoid infection and further complications.
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Accidental Hypothermia in the Upper Midwest: A Dual Case Report Comparison

Accidental hypothermia is a potentially life-threatening situation that involves a debilitated patient and is a result of environmental exposure.
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Editorial Board Members Related to USC

JACQUES MARESCAUX

Professor
Department of Surgery
Research Institute Against Digestive Cancer
France

OSAMA ALI MOHAMED IBRAHEIM

Professor
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
College of Medicine
Assiut University
Egypt

MICHAEL FRASS

Professor of Medicine
Specialist in Internal Medicine, Homeopathy
University of Vienna
Austria

Lars Larsson

Professor
Department of Clinical Neurophysiology
Karolinska Institutet
Sweden

Saeid Mordechai Nosrati

Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
Division of Nephrology
Keck-USC School of Medicine
Los Angeles
USA

PERNG GUEY CHUEN

Associate Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
National Cheng Kung University
Taiwan

Richa Arora

Assistant Professor
Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences
India

Michael P. Namaka

Associate Professor
Faculty of Pharmacy and Medicine
University of Manitoba
Canada

Ashraf Naeem

Associate professor
Department of Anatomy & Embryology
Zagazig University
Egypt

Marcela Claudia Pagano

Institute of Exact Sciences
Federal University of Minas Gerais
Brazil
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