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Articles Related to biology

Former Effective Immunotherapy without Adverse Events of Inoperable Epithelial Ovarian Cancers and a Prospect for the Immune Prophylaxis

Current cancer treatments by immune checkpoint blockades are limited due to severe adverse events caused by alteration of the immune system required for homeostasis of normal tissues. Common cancer chemotherapy alters the quality of patients’ lives. Platinum-based treatment can lead to severe neurotoxicity with chronic debilitation. Additionally, survival of patients with epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) has remained poor despite extensive cytoreductive surgery, high dose chemotherapy, checkpoint blockades and immunotherapies effective in some other types of cancer. The pathobiology of EOC cancer stem cells (CSCs) is not well understood. Observations demonstrate that EOCs exhibit in vivo two distinct CSC types - perivascular diploid CSCs dividing asymmetrically with the help of the host suicidal CD8+ T cells, and haploid CSCs at the cancer abdominal surface originating from meiosis I cytokinesis of bulk surface cancer cells. The perivascular CSCs contribute to the cancer cell bulk and, via left ovary venous blood, can cause EOC liver metastases. Haploid CSCs released from the bulk cancer surface cause the common pelvic and abdominal EOC spread. Former elimination of the host antibodies blocking T cell effectors by intermittent doses of cyclophosphamide exhibiting significant immunomodulatory anticancer effects, facilitation of the immune system reactivity against alloantigens of cancer cells by blood transfusions, and augmentation of anticancer immunity by bacterial toxins, resulted during the subsequent treatment-free period into rejection of inoperable EOCs without any adverse events during the treatnment. To help prevent cancer relapses, patients treated for advanced primary epithelial cancers should be considered as candidates for continuously stimulating immune anticancer activity by treatments such as daily metformin and weekly lentinan consumptions.
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Serum Haptoglobin Responses following Rumenotomy in the Sahel Goat

Fifteen Sahel goats were randomly allocated into three groups A, B and C to evaluate Serum Haptoglobin (Hp) profiles following rumenotomy as markers of surgical stress using Quantitative ELISA.
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Some Basic Differential Models in Mathematical Biology

It is widely known that many problems in the mathematical biology can be modeled by the differential equations, and the corresponding systems are usually called as biological dynamic systems.
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A Protocol for the Determination of the Growth Rate of Organisms Subject to Interrupted Exponential Growth

A standard laboratory procedure with cultures that grow exponentially involves regular dilution (so that the organism is never nutrient limited). When the logarithm of growth is plotted against time, exponential growth then appears as a series of parallel lines.
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Modeling of Gene Regulatory Networks: A Literature Review

In the last years numerous methods have been developed and applied to reconstruct the structure and dynamic rules of gene-regulatory networks from different high-throughput data sources such as gene expression data.
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Networks: Elucidating Experimental Data by Differential Protein-Protein Interactions

Recently, the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis - a primary cause of cardiovascular disease – studied in a swine model has been investigated by considering in particular the effects of a high cholesterol diet lasting 8 or 16 weeks.
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Procalcitonin versus C-Reactive Protein in Neonatal Sepsis

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in febrile children younger than 3 months, with reported rates ranging from 5% to 20% depending on different series. Neonates and infants up to age 2 months who have pyelonephritis usually do not have symptoms localized to the urinary tract.
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Case Series of Pneumococcal Meningitis in the Post 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Era

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of meningitis. Although rates of bacterial meningitis have decreased after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction, pneumococcal meningitis has not been eliminated. In this case series, we describe the presentation, serotypes, and outcomes of 11 children with pneumococcal meningitis at a tertiary children’s hospital after the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) was introduced, from 2011-2013. The median age of children with meningitis was 7 years. The majority of the isolates (82%) were susceptible to penicillin. Most isolates (73%) were serotyped and there was no evidence of disease caused by serotypes contained in PCV7
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Salmonella Serovars and Their Host Specificity

Salmonella is a causative agent for a wide variety of pathological diseases in humans, cattle, poultry and other farm animals and hence Salmonella infections are a major cause of concern to humans, veterinary animals and to food industry.
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Adults Mammary Stem Cell in Cow’s Milk: New Perspectives and Future Challenge

The discovery of the presence of stem cells and precursors with high regenerative potential in the mammary gland, hypothetically maintained throughout the course of the productive life of the dairy cow sheds an interesting perspective in the research which is interested to clarify all physiological clues and possible solutions to increase or maintain longer the potential production of dairy cows during life span of lactation.
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MAPK Pathway in Skeletal Muscle Diseases

Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) pathway is a signal transduction pathway that functions in a wide range of physiological and pathophysiological cellular events including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, migration, inflammation, metabolic disorders and diseases.
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The End of the Golden Age of Antibiotics?

The discovery of a substance with antibacterial properties was expected to permanently diminish the occurrence of bacterial infections posing a threat to health and life. Since the discovery of penicillin many new groups of antibiotics have been introduced into treatment of disease in people and animals, but their excessive and frequently unjustified use, and most importantly, incorrect dosage, have led to numerous unanticipated problems in contemporary human and veterinary medicine.
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Editorial Board Members Related to biology

Mahmoud Younis Mohammed Taha

Department of Dental Basic Sciences
College of Dentistry
Mosul University
Iraq

Guohui Li

Adjunct Assistant Scientist
Department of chemistry
University of Florida
USA

Guey-Jen Lee-Chen

Professor
Department of Life Science
National Taiwan Normal University
Taiwan

Abdelaal Shamseldin

Associate Professor
Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute
City of Scientific Research and Technology Applications
Egypt

JON B. SUZUKI

Professor
Department of Periodontology & Oral Implantolog
Temple University
United States

Shigemi Matsuyama

Associate Professor
Division of Hematology/Oncology
School of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University

United States

Jianxun Song

Associate Proffesor
Department of Microbiology & Immunology
College of Medicine
Penn State University
United States

Wynand S. Verwoerd

Senior Lecturer
Department of Wine, Food & Molecular Biosciences
Lincoln University
New Zealand

Lingjun Zhao

Associate Research Professor
Institute for Molecular Virology
Saint Louis University School of Medicine
United States

Hong Zhu

Associate Professor
Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine
United States
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