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Assessing Burn Patterns and Severity Using IR Visualization – A Case Study Approach

This investigation studies the potential use of infrared (IR) sensing technology to answer key questions of scalding. In particular, scalding incidents are frequently plagued by conflicting recollections, uncertain details, and litigation. Questions often relate to how a scalding spill occurred, how hot the liquid was, the direction of liquid flow, and the connection between burn patterns and spill patterns. Flow patterns, among others are sometimes, challenging to determine after a spill incident. Nevertheless, IR technology can be used for event reconstruction and can help identify the typical burn patterns that result from spills. Here, IR imaging is applied to common scald situations. The IR imaging provides temperature information that is continuous in both space and time and can be used with currently available burn models to predict burn depths and patterns. The IR images are used to generate a burn-depth map superimposed on the patient’s body. This study shows that IR imaging leads to reproducible results that can be used to predict burn-depth patterns based on situation specific spills.
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The Clinical, Bacteriological and Therapeutic Characteristics of Tuberculosis in Patients Infected with HIV (about 42 Cases)

Tuberculosis still remains a public health priority, especially with the emergence of HIV. It is more and more revealing of the HIV infection. The objective of this study is to analyze the clinical, epidemiological, and therapeutic aspect of tuberculosis in patients infected with HIV.
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Case Series of 141 Melanomas Diagnosed and Managed over 5 years by an Australian Dermatologist: with a Suggested Approach to Suspected Pigmented Lesions

Melanoma is one of the most fatal disorders dermatologists have to diagnose and treat. Despite its prevalence and seriousness, there has been no protocol with consensus suggesting systematic approach for diagnosis and treatment of pigmented lesions. A series of 141 melanomas diagnosed and managed over five years in an Australian dermatology clinicare presented. Also a systematic approach has been suggested for the management of suspicious pigmented lesions and melanomas. It is hoped that this paper provides a platform to open discussion for the development of the best systematic approach.
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Buschke-Lowenstein Tumor of the Vulva: A Case Report

Buschke-Lowenstein tumor or giant condyloma acuminata is a rare disorder of the external genitalia, belonging to the group of verrucous carcinomas, and usually affects immunocompromised men. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 6 and 11 are potentially involved in the pathophysiology. A detailed questioning, a rigorous clinical examination and complementary imaging are important to establish an accurate lesion assessment and an adapted management. Wide surgical excision is the treatment of choice.
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Unexpected Opioid Responses in Infants: A Retrospective Case Series

Opioids are commonly prescribed for acute pain management. Complications such as nausea, vomiting, itch and constipation are not uncommon. Two unusual and unexpected complications that can arise in the acute setting are opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH) and acute opioid tolerance (AOT). The diagnostic challenges of these two entities are mainly attributed to their unpredictable onset and lack of strict diagnostic criteria. In the pediatric setting, additional confounding factors such as separation anxiety, hunger, thirst and poor verbal communication further complicate discerning between the two phenomena.
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Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis in a Middle-Aged Woman: a Case Report

Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) extremely rarely occurrs in adults according to current literature.We report one case of IPH in a middle-aged woman presenting with extensive central-predominant ground glass opacities and consolidation in the lungs. Since these imaging findings are not specific and can be similar to other diffuse pulmonary diseases, it is essential to have an deep understanding of this disorder. Imaging findings must be combined with clinical laboratory examination to make a diagnosis of IPH. Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) is the gold standard for evaluation of suspected patients. We review the current literature and provide a recommendation based on discussion.
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Rare Adnexal Carcinomas: Series of Four Cases Treated at the Ibn Rochd University Hospital of Casablanca

Cutaneous adnexal carcinomas are rare cutaneous malignant adnexal tumors derived from eccrine and apocrine sweat glands, follicular structures and sebaceous glands. They represent less than 1% of cutaneous cancers Porocarcinoma and hidradenocarcinoma are two main types of eccrine sweat carcinomas of unknown pathogenesis characterized by their clinicopathological diversity.
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Statistical Sampling in Audit Case

Sampling methods and procedures impact outcomes in many different areas whether they are in compensations in product injury cases, jury selection, population estimation in census, forecasting national gross products, etc. Economic penalty and emotional injustice from faulty sampling methods ranges from life or death to irreparable economic and emotional damages
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Tricuspid Valvulectomy in Drug Addicts with Native Valve Endocarditis: A Case Series

From Jan –2004 to Dec-2004, five patients were referred to the surgical department with a diagnosis of endocarditis refractory to medical therapy. Patients were all male, age ranging 16 years to 28 years with a mean of 22 years. All of the five patients had native valve endocarditis of the tricuspid valve with a history of drug addiction in common. Their presentations included, sepsis, failure and recurrent pulmonary embolism. Three of them had bacterial, while two had fungal infection which was proven after blood cultures. After resuscitation, stabilization and preoperative workup, tricuspid valvectomy was performed on these patients because of the destructive and irreparable nature of the native valve. Fortunately, all had uneventful recovery after surgery. Pre-operatively these patients were treated with antibiotics and antifungals, and continued thereafter for almost 4 to 6 weeks in the post-operative period. Postoperatively there was significant tricuspid regurgitation in a subset of patients who had a follow-up. The Left Ventricular (LV) function remained normal to moderate with a moderate pulmonary artery pressure. These patients were discharged on antibiotics and anti-failure medications as per the GDMT.
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Development of a Global Ergonomic Index Based on MSDs Risks, Psycho-Social Factors and the Work Environment: Case of a Clothing Company

The clothing industry is a field full of occupational diseases such as MSDs which are widely recognized in the wrists, hands, elbows, neck and lower back due to poor posture. Several studies have emphasized the importance of preventive actions to reduce the risk of occupational diseases.
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Iatrogenic Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Children: a Case Report

Laryngotracheal stenosis is one of the important causes of pediatric airway obstruction, and the etiology can be classified as congenital and acquired. With the widespread use of tracheal intubation and tracheotomy in pediatric emergency, iatrogenic laryngotracheal stenosis is gradually replacing trauma and infection as the major cause of acquired laryngotracheal stenosis [1]. Nowadays, open surgery is the first choice for severe laryngotracheal stenosis cases [1,2]. Here, we describe a case of childhood iatrogenic severe laryngotracheal stenosis, and the reflection on the current treatment methods of children with laryngotracheal stenosis.
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Case Reports: Hepatic Sclerosing Hemangioma: A Diagnostic Dilemma!

Haemangiomas are the most common benign incidentally detected hepatic lesions with a prevalence of ~20%. Most of them have typical imaging features and are easily diagnosed on triple phase studies. These are capillary, flash and giant hemangioma. Another subset of haemangiomas are Sclerosing hemangiomas or atypical haemangioma; these are sclerosed, thrombosed and/or hyalinised due to which these are heterogenous and show varied appearance making them difficult to diagnose.
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Case Report: Severe Sequelae of Sleep Disorders

We report 2 cases of severe injuries in patients with sleep disorders. The first patient sustained multiple orthopedic traumas as sequelae of REM sleep behavior disorders (RBD). The second patient sustained a severe TBI as a result of restless legs syndrome (RLS). To our knowledge, there are only 2 reported cases of severe orthopedic traumas (cervical spine fractures) as a result of RBD and no reported cases of severe TBI from RLS.
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A Rare Case: Pylor Stenosis with Anal Atresia and Vesicoureteral Reflux

In newborns, vomiting is a very frequent find. Especially in a newborn who has undergone major surgery, postoperative vomiting is a common occurrence. In our study, we aimed to present a newborn who was operated on first for anorectal malformation (ARM) and then for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and diagnosed with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) upon persistent vomiting
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A Case of Frosted-Branch Angiitis Associated with Poststreptococcal Uveitis Syndrome

The case was a 7-year-old girl who had complained of bilateral blurry vision for 1 week. Five weeks earlier, she suffered from a flu-like episode with fever, sore throat, and skin rash, and received an irregular dose of oral amoxicillin for 4 days after a diagnosis of scarlet fever. Our clinical examination revealed bilateral panuveitis with frosted-branch angiitis.
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Editorial Board Members Related to case

Maria Ioannou

Senior Lecturer
University of Huddersfield
United Kingdom

J Vernon Odom

Professor
Department of Ophthalmology
West Virginia University
United States

Vikram Khanna

Orthopedic Surgeon
Ranjana Hospital
Allahabad

Ana Cristina Lindsay

Associate Professor
Department of Nutrition
University of Massachusetts Boston
United States

Shigemi Matsuyama

Associate Professor
Division of Hematology/Oncology
School of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University

United States

Michael Gibson

Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University
United States

Wen-Quan Zou

Associate Professor
Departments of Pathology and Neurology
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
United States

Lufang Zhou

Lufang Zhou
Assistant Professor
The University of Alabama
Birmingham
United Kingdom

Laura Hammond

Psychologist
University of Huddersfield
United Kingdom

GIUSTI CRISTIANO

Professor
Department of Ophthalmology
University Hospital “Campus Bio-Medico”
Italy
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