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Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2): A Cross-Cultural Comparison for Surinamese Children at 5 Years of Age

The Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC) is used globally to identify and describe impairments in motor development in children; however, norms for Surinamese children are lacking. We thus conducted a cross-cultural comparison for Surinamese children 5 years–5 years and 6 months using the Dutch/Flemish (NL) and United Kingdom (UK) norms of the MABC, second edition (MABC-2).
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Oxygen Balance Homeostasis and Tissue Metabolic Score (TMS) of Patients in Emergency and Critical Care Medicine

Patients admitted to the emergency room or intensive care units (ICUs) need real-time monitoring of body oxygen balance. As of today, the availability of monitoring devices that provide real-time data on tissue level of oxygen homeostasis is very limited. The involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction in many pathological states such as stroke, sepsis or heart failure is calling for a real-time evaluation of this intracellular organelle. In order to avoid the deterioration of the most vital organs in the body (brain and heart), we are proposing to monitor a less vital organ, such as the urethral wall, that serves as an early warning signal for the deterioration of body oxygen balance.
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Assessment of Physico-Chemical Properties, Pasting Profiles and Sensory Scores of Co-Processed Quality Protein Maize and Carrot Complementary Food

The aim of this study is to determine the physico-chemical properties, pasting profiles and sensory scores of complementary food from co-processed maize and carrot. TZE-YPOP-DT-STR-QPM and normal maize; SUWAN-ISR were selected for this study. Each variety was divided into two portions; a portion was co-milled with 20% carrot while the other portion was co-fermented with 20% carrot.
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Empowering Key Populations (Kps) to Effectively Demand for Equal HIV/AIDS Services

AGHA in partnership with THETA and MNL with funding from CDC is implementing a Local Capacity Initiative project aimed at building capacity of CSOs working with KPs in Mukono, Kampala and Wakiso to advocate for improved HIV services. In Uganda, HIV prevalence among the general population stands at an average of 7.3% while among SWs is 35-37% and MSM at 13.7% between the age of 18-24.Over 40-50% of the new infections come from KPs (UAC, HIV /AIDS Indicator survey 2011). Programs targeting KPs continue to be characterized by limited coverage, poorly linked care, treatment and referral services. The project has increased capacity of 15 CSOs to demand accountability from government on national commitments on KPs; increased capacity of KPs to identify the legal and policy framework that impede equitable access, increased participation and representation of community leaders and KPs living with HIV in the governance structures that influence health services delivery.
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Clinical Utility of Triglyceride: HDL-Cholesterol Ratio as a Surrogate Marker of Inflammation in Pediatric Obesity

The prognostic utility of the triglyceride: HDL-cholesterol (TG:HDL-C) ratio, a marker for insulin resistance, is unknown among high-risk children and adolescents. We examined the clinical utility of TG:HDL-C ratio as a marker of insulin resistance and chronic inflammation in obese youth.
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Dietary Diversity Score: A Measure of Nutritional Adequacy or an Indicator of Healthy Diet?

At the time when the lack of indicators seemed to constrain appropriate child feeding in developing countries, dietary diversity score (DDS) emerged as a measure of nutritional adequacy that could close the gap. DDS refers to the number of food groups consumed in a given time, often in 24 hrs.
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Milk Production, Somatic Cell Count, Percentages Milk Fat and Milk Protein Measured in Lactating Dairy Goats Fed a Nutritional Supplement

Two replicate studies were conducted on a commercial goat dairy. The objective was to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with OmniGen-AF, a nutritional supplement that supports immune function in ruminants, on milk production, somatic cell count (SCC), percentages milk fat (%MF) and milk protein (%MP) in lactating dairy goats.
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Implementation of Nutrition-sensitive Agriculture in the Central Province of Zambia

The Central Province of Zambia contains the majority of the nation’s malnourished children, despite being the most productive province in terms of Agriculture.
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The Field of Emergence in the Aspects of Communicative Situation

Communicative situation is a basis, which designates potential models of “constructed forms”. It is within the field of emergence models of text, that can be potentially prognosticated in a certain communicative situation, are designated. Every text can be assumed as conceptual system structured on the base of certain communicative situation.
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A New Approach to Identify Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) is a known gastrointestinal disorder that has been well documented but is difficult to diagnose noninvasively.
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New Approach for Examination of Pattern Evidences: Cases study

Improvement in technology has changed the techniques and pattern of examination of the physical evidences. The technology based gazettes like PDA, Computer and digital camera has improved the process of examination and speed of file-work while examination.
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Relationship between Body Weight and Self-Esteem: A Study of Young Men and Women in Iran

Obesity and the side effects of weight gain among Iranian females are significantly higher compared to males. In addition, the trend of overweight and obesity among Iranian adolescents in particular is increasing.
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DNA Methylation Status of the Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Gene is associated with Depressive Symptoms in Japanese Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study

Polymorphisms in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, that is considered to be the most important genetic determinant of blood homocysteine concentration, are associated with various diseases, including psychiatric disorders. However, the epigenetic factors influencing on the transcription and expression of this gene are unclear.
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Recommendations for Weakened Teeth Submitted to Fixed Restorations

Weakened teeth are varied in terms of causes and effects. The most common etiology of dental tissue loss is dental caries leading to endodontic treatment.
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Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of a Carbohydrate-Rich and Protein-Rich Formula Diet

Obesity is well associated in various chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis. Thus, for persons with obesity and diabetes, food with low GI are recommended in order to lower the glycemic response.
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Editorial Board Members Related to core

RAGHAVENDRA M. SHETTY

Assistant Professor
Department of Preventive & Pediatric Dentistry
College of Dentistry
Gulf Medical University
United Arab Emirates

JACQUES MARESCAUX

Professor
Department of Surgery
Research Institute Against Digestive Cancer
France

Filippo Giarratana

Researcher
Department of Veterinary Sciences
University of Messina
Italy

LOUISA B. TABATABAI

Professor
Roy J. Carver Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Iowa State University
United States

M. Sukumar

Professor
Centre for Food Technology
Anna University
India

Dong-Hua Yang

Assistant Professor
Fox Chase Cancer Center
United States

Yan Guo

Assistant Professor
Center for Quantitative Sciences
Vanderbilt University
United States

MOHAMED ABDELMAGEED AWAD

Associate Professor & Consultant
Fixed Prosthodontic Department
Tanta University
Egypt

Douglas M. Coldwell

Professor
Radiology and Bioengineering
University of Louisville
United States

Jason W. Locasale

Assistant Professor
Division of Nutritional Sciences
Cornell University
United States
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