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Articles Related to History

Exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds in Patients with a Medical History of Cancer/Dysplasia

Exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds (E-VOCs) have been associated with cancer and may help to early detection or even identify pre-cancerous status.
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Importance of Complete Clinical History in the Management of Parakeratinized Odontogenic Keratocyst: Case Report

The Odontogenic Keratocyst considered potentially aggressive and of high recurrence located between 30 and 60%, with clinical and radiographic characteristics not clearly defined. It occurs at any stage of life. The 70 to 80% of the cases are located in the jaw, commonly in the area of the lower third molar and mandibular angle from where they progress towards the branch and the body. The lesions are long latent, often asymptomatic and can reach remarkable dimensions without significant deformation of the jaw bones. They are often found during the routine radiographic examination.
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Defeating Surgical Anguish: A Worldwide Tale of Creativity, Hostility, and Discovery

In the pre-anesthesia era, the anguish of planned surgical maneuver was dreadful and the experience of actual procedure “utterly speechless torture”. Although, the concept of pain relief and even total insensibility was not unfamiliar to medical profession, some of the “Big Giants in Medicine” believed “knife and pain as inseparable” and the efforts to relieve or prevent pain “in vain”. In such a situation the anesthesia,one of the greatest boons of science for mankind, “burst like a revolution on medical profession”. Despite hostility from religious sect, professional colleagues and civil societies the pioneers in discovery of anesthesia stood firm, unshaken by the negative criticism. Although the fate of the active contestant of “Ether Controversy” was mournful,their untiring and dedicated struggle to relieve the sufferings of mankind can never be underscored. Renowned Arab surgeon Ibn al Quff (1232-1286 AD) was the first to suggest anesthesia as independent speciality. However, it took almost 700 years for his dream to come true.
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Historical Perspective of Dharwad Forensic Mental Health Services during Pre-Independence Era: A Retrospective Study

Background: History of forensic mental health services provide knowledge regarding its evolution that has undergone tremendous changes over the past two centuries. Aim: To study the forensic mental health services and management of psychiatric patients during pre-independence era. Settings and Design: Retrospective, hospital based chart-review and descriptive study. Methods and Materials: Medical records of 85 cases preserved with the 170-year old psychiatric institute were retrieved to study the variables related to socio-demographic characteristics, family background, clinical profile, treatment methods, admission-discharge procedures, and mortality by retrospective chart-review method. Data was analysed using descriptive statistical measures with significance of P<0.05.
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Adolf Hitler and the psychiatrists: Psychiatric debate on the German Dictator’s mental state in The Lancet

Adolf Hitler’s sanity was questioned by many, including psychiatrists. Attempts to understand the German dictator’s mental state started with his ascension to power in 1933 and continue up to the present, providing a historiography that is far more revealing about changing trends in medicine than it is about his mental state. This paper looks at the public comments of various psychiatrists on Hitler’s mental state, commencing with his rise to power to 1933 and culminating in defeat and death in 1945. The views of the psychiatrists were based on public information, largely derived from the news and often reflected their own professional bias. The first public comment on Hitler’s mental state by a psychiatrist was by Norwegian psychiatrist Johann Scharffenberg in 1933. Carl Jung made several favourable comments about him before 1939.
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Seroepidemiology of Neospora Caninum in Dairy Cattle Farms with a History of Abortion in Isfahan Province, Iran

Neospora caninum is a worldwide-distributed pathogen which causes abortions in dairy cattle, leading to economic losses in the cattle industry.
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An Early Description of Carcinosarcoma in 1883

By 1804, John Abernethy was aware of the existence of a tumor which he called carcinomatous sarcoma. In this context, this paper presentshow, in 1883, David Finlay fully documented a case whose data were indicative of the formation of carcinosarcoma in a woman sufferingfrom fibroids.
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Sudden Death Due to Sarcoma: An Unusual Case and Literature Review

Sudden death has varied causes, and autopsy is usually required to determine cause of death. Sarcoma involvement is very infrequent, and detailed pathological evaluation is needed for correct diagnosis.
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The Dental Identification of the Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut

Recently, an Egyptian archaeologist, Dr Zahi Hawass, found few mummies. He was convinced that one of them was Hatshepsut, the famous Egyptian queen
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Historical Concepts of Ovarian Dermoid Cysts

A study of the history of the dermoid cyst of the ovary suggests that the old masters were only conversant with large tumors. The relatively smaller dermoid cyst with its typical greasy matter and hairs only came into recognition during the second half of the 19th century. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to document how the medical masters of yester years became acquainted with this distinct disease.
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Editorial Board Members Related to History

Arif Gulzar

Department of Material Science and Chemical Engineering
Harbin Engineering University
China

Roy G Beran

Professor
Department of Neurology
University of New South Wales
Australia

MARK LAFTAVI

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
State University of New York at Buffalo
United States

Arcady Putilov

Chief Researcher
Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics
Russia

RICHARD ROBESON

Adjunct Professor of Practice - Bioethics
Dept. of Communication Bioethics Faculty
Wake Forest University
USA

GEORGE K. PARASKEVAS

Associate Professor
Department of Anatomy
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Greece

George K. Paraskevas

Associate Professor
Department of Anatomy
Faculty of Medicine
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Greece

Frank C. Barone

Professor
Department of Neurology
SUNY Downstate Medical Center
United States

Shehab M. Abd El-Kader

Professor
Faculty of Physical Therapy
Cairo University
Egypt
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