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Chemical Constituents of the Fruits of Crataegus dahurica and the Antihyperlipidemic Activity in HepG2 Cells

The fruit of Crataegus dahurica Koehne ex C.K. Schneid is an edible wild fruit and herb for the treatment of various diseases. However, few studies were conducted to search the chemical constituents of the edible herb. In the present study, a new glycoglycerolipid (1), together with ten known compounds, 2-oxo pomolic acid (2), cecropiacic acid (3), nikoenoside (4), garcimangosone D (5), ampelopsisionoside (6), saussureosides B (7), 6-O-[(2E, 6S)-2, 6-dimethyl-6-hydroxy-2, 7-octadienoyl]-α-D-glucopyranoside (8), 6-O-[(2E, 6S)-2, 6-dimethyl6-hydroxy-2, 7-octadienoyl]-β-D-glucopyranoside (9), betulalbuside A (10), quercetin (11), were isolated from the fruits of C. dahurica with various chromatographic techniques.
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A Review of the Production and Upgrading of Biofuel; Raw Materials, Processes and Products

The increase in the population of the planet and the rapid economic growth and, consequently, the high consumption of energy has created many environmental problems. Due to these reasons and the lack of renewability of these fossil fuels, there has been a steep trend towards the production of renewable fuels, one of which is the production of energy from biomass. In this study, biofuel production from biomass has been investigated using the pyrolysis method, a method that reduces the production of oil from millions of years to a few seconds, and is the most industrialized thermochemical method for producing fuel from biomass. This research focuses on thermochemical processes, pyrolysis principles, specifications, chemical composition and applications of biofuels, and the devices and equipment needed for it. This research is the A new approach for research and study on bio-refineries in the future.
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Serum Haptoglobin Responses following Rumenotomy in the Sahel Goat

Fifteen Sahel goats were randomly allocated into three groups A, B and C to evaluate Serum Haptoglobin (Hp) profiles following rumenotomy as markers of surgical stress using Quantitative ELISA.
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Characterization of Screen-Printed Nickel Oxide Electrodes for p-type Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Mesoporous NiO films obtained via screen-printing deposition of a newly formulated paste containing preformed NiO-nanospheres have been employed as nanostructured photocathodes of p-type dye-sensitized solar cells (p-DSCs).
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Mitochondrial Actions for Fat Browning and Energy Expenditure in White Adipose Tissue

White adipose tissue (WAT) is an endocrine organ with crucial role in the development of obesity and related diseases. White adipocytes have less mitochondria than brown adipocytes; nevertheless, there is an increasing body of evidence showing that mitochondrial parameters play a relevant role in WAT physiology, such as proliferation, differentiation and triacylglycerol storage levels.
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Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Different Tissues: Immune Status and Activity

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been found in almost all tissues and due to their regenerative properties represent promising tools in cell-based therapy. Role of MSCs in tissue repair is strongly governed by their interplay with immune cells and regulating factors.
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Nutritional and Biological Control Synergism against Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants

Parasitic gastroenteritis caused by gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) continues to be a major constraint against profitable small ruminant production. The increasing prevalence and severity of anthelmintic-resistant nematodes in many parts of the world has led to a search for non-chemical control options.
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DNA Methylation Status of the Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Gene is associated with Depressive Symptoms in Japanese Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study

Polymorphisms in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, that is considered to be the most important genetic determinant of blood homocysteine concentration, are associated with various diseases, including psychiatric disorders. However, the epigenetic factors influencing on the transcription and expression of this gene are unclear.
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Glucose Testing and Lifestyle Counseling of Obese and Overweight Patients: A Survey of Primary Care Physicians in the United States

In the United States (U.S.), the costs for health care and lost productivity due to diagnosed diabetes has increased from $174 billion in 2007 to $245 billion in 2012, making it one of the fastest growing public health burdens. Nearly 26 million adults have diabetes, and another 79 million have prediabetes, a condition that increases the risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Clearly to reduce the costs and improve health, preventing diabetes must be a priority.
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Mckittrick-Wheelock Syndrome and Diabetes Insipidus

Secretory villous adenoma is characterized with watery diarrhea, which may lead to dehydration, with resulting volume depletion, electrolyte imbalance, circulatory failure and renal dysfunction. We hereby report a case of villous adenoma associated with severe electrolyte imbalance complicated by diabetes insipidus.
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Supernumerary Ectopic Tooth in Nasal Cavity - A Case Report

Supernumerary ectopic teeth are not uncommon; they present in abnormal location in oral cavity or may occupy a more unusual position, such as Maxillary Antrum. They are often diagnosed as incidental finding on routine Radiography; however, few may be symptomatic. Treatment options vary from endoscopic removal to conventional extraction by dental surgeon.
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Persisting Cough as the Single Presenting Symptom of an Intrathoracic Tumor in a Nine-Month-Old Child with Adenovirus Airway Infection

We report on a nine-month-old girl who presented with persisting cough, and diminished ventilation of the left hemithorax. Viral pneumonia was suspected after Adenovirus detection by PCR, but chest X-rays showed a persistent shadowing of the left hemithorax and persistent coughing despite clinical improvement. Because of the discrepancy between clinical and radiological signs further investigations by ultrasound and CT scan were performed, which visualized an intrathroracic tumor. Histopathology confirmed diagnosis of a teratoma.
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Guillain-Barr´E Syndrome with Bilateral Extensor Plantar Reflexes

Guillain-Barr´e syndrome (GBS) usually presents with lower motor neuron (LMN) symmetrical weakness, areflexia, and hypotonia. GBS has rarely been reported with up going plantars’ response. We report a case of GBS with up going plantars during the course of the disease.
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Appendicitis in Pregnancy: How Vestigial is this?

Appendicitis is a rare pregnancy associated surgical emergency, with appendectomy as the most frequent non obstetrical surgical procedure performed in pregnancy. Diagnostic delay increases maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality thereby highlighting the need for a prompt diagnosis and surgery. Two cases of appendicitis with pregnancy are being reported with abdominal pain as common presenting feature.
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Editorial Board Members Related to PG

Rammurti T. Kamble

Professor of Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine
United States

Ashik Hayat

Nephrologist
Department of Medicine and Nephrology
Taranaki Base Hospital
New Zealand

Anuradha Ratna

Department of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
USA

Agnieszka Alicja Karczmarczyk

Assistant professor
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Warsaw University of Life Sciences
Poland

Miklas Scholz

Professor
Water Resources Engineering
Lund University
Sweden
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