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Articles Related to MS

An Adjuvant Approach to Alleviate Reoccurring or Treatment Resistant Symptoms of IBD in Companion Animals

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common yet distressing condition afflicting tissues of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in companion animals; symptoms include vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite and weight loss. Pathogenesis of IBD may link to both diet and parasitic or bacterial infections of the gut. Although current treatments may provide some relief to the animal, unfortunately recurrent flaring of symptoms is not uncommon. Therapeutic interventions available to the veterinarian include those that focus on treating any underlying infection and or a change in diet, both employed with the aim of reducing inflammation.
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Drug Therapy Problems and Clinical Outcomes Among Patients with Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) Positive Breast Cancer on Trastuzumab-Based Therapy in a Kenyan Tertiary Health Facility

Breast cancer ranks first among the most commonly diagnosed cancers in Kenyan females and globally. Treatment is challenging because it is a heterogeneous disease with several subtypes. There has been a significant change in the treatment of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) positive breast cancer subtypes following the introduction and widespread use of HER2 targeted therapies.
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Bioequivalence Evaluation of Two Clopidogrel Immediate Release Tablet Formulations in Healthy Thai Volunteers Under Fasting Conditions

Clopidogrel is used for acute coronary syndrome and prevention of atherothrombotic events. To improve clinical outcomes, patient adherence to treatment is necessary. However, continuous use of branded product may cause economic burden to patients and healthcare system. The Government Pharmaceutical Organization (GPO), Thailand had developed a generic product of clopidogrel to reduce cost of treatment and improve accessibility to medicines for Thai people.
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Musculoskeletal Disorders and Association with Social Media Use Among University Students at the Quarantine Time Of COVID-19 Outbreak

COVID-19 period was characterized by lockdown and quarantine, the aim of this cross-sectional analytical study is to investigate the effect of COVID-19 quarantine on social media use, and its association with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among university students.
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Voromonas Pontica Identified by Giemsa Staining and Anti-RhopH3 Protein Reactivity

Culture characteristics, routine staining for light microscopy and feeding behavior of Voromonas pontica Cavalier-Smith (American Type Culture Collection, ATCC 50640), a predatory free-living marine colpodellid, was investigated
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Ingredients and Pathways for Sustainable Sheep Breeding Strategies under Low Input Production Systems: The Example of Two Distinct Sheep Breeds

Near East and North Africa have 90 percent of their territory classified as arid or semi-arid rangelands. Increasing importation of animals and animal products are still followed due to an increasing consumers’ demand and poor producing abilities of existing native breeds. The objectives of this paper were to: 1) underline major genetic constraints for improving native sheep breeds productivities under low input production systems, 2) identify main ingredients and pathways for sustainable sheep breeding strategies under low input production systems.
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Separation and Detection of Monocrotophos by Chromatography Methods in Forensic Samples

Monocrotophos is a extremely hazardous organophosphate insecticide that is extensively used and easily accessible in India.
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Exogenously Treated Carnitine Upregulates the Contents of Macro and Microelements in the Leaves of Maize (Zea Mays Cv. Hido) Seedlings

Carnitine, a common compound in living organisms, is involved in a number of metabolic functions from lipid metabolism to defense metabolism
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Bioequivalence Study of Olanzapine 5 mg Orally Disintegrating Tablet Formulations in Healthy Thai Volunteers under Fasting Conditions

A comparative randomized, single dose, two-way crossover, open label study was carried out to assess bioequivalence and tolerability of test (ZOLAN GPO®) and reference (Zyprexa Zydis®) products of olanzapine 5 mg orally disintegrating tablets for interchange ability in the same quality and safety.
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Determination of N-Butylscopolamine in Human Plasma by Solid-Phase Extraction and UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS: Development, Validation and Application to a Bioequivalence Study

BioequivalenceA sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method for measurements of N-butylscopolamine in plasma was developed and validated. A SPE extraction was proposed for the clean up of plasma and N-butylscopolamine-d9 was added as internal standard. The analyses were carried out using a phenyl column and mobile phase of acetonitrile:
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Clinical Complications, Incidental Neoplasms and Recurrence in Surgical Management of Multi Nodular Goiter

Thyroid tissue samples of 200 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy, near total thyroidectomy and subtotal thyroidectomy for surgical management of multinodular goiter were designed our study. The surgical procedures were performed between January 2016 and December 2018 in general surgery department MUST University. Preoperative ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology and the postoperative surgical specimens were delivered to pathology lab at MUST University 6th of October city, Giza. Patients with thyroid neoplasms, thyroiditis, toxic and recurrent goiter were excluded from the study. Personal and demographic data were collected and analyzed. Postoperative clinical complications and incidental neoplasms were evaluated. All the patients were followed up over 1 year for expected clinical complications, recurrence of goiter and appearance of neoplasms.
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A Novel Neuroprotective and Antioxidative Efficacy of a Unique Combination of Standardized Huperzia serrata, Convolvulus pluricaulis and Celastrus paniculatus Extracts

Physical and environmental stress in conjunction with hectic lifestyle and unhealthy food habits are the major cause of diverse neurodegenerative disorders. Oxidative neuronal injury and acetylcholine deficiency have a major impact on learning and memory retention. Most of the treatment strategies are based on the improvement of cholinergic function in the brain and one of the emerging therapeutic targets is to enhance the acetylcholine level in the brain. Standardized botanical extracts including Huperzia serrata (1% Huperzine A, CogniUp), Convolvulus pluricaulis (SP) and Celastrus paniculatus (JY) have been demonstrated to attenuate brain function by serving as a natural acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor.
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Problems of Agriculture in Azerbaijan and the Prospects of its Development

This article examines the current state of soil and water resources, farmland in Azerbaijan Republic, the problem of progressive water and wind soil degradation, the need for the organization of agriculture, taking into account the introduction of automated control systems for irrigation using water saving technology and hardware equipment in it, the study of the characteristics and analysis of experience implementing measures to stabilize ecological and drainage system of agriculture in conditions of insufficient moisture areas in the country, as well as basic aspects of development of environmental reclamation approach balanced, rational use of a particular system of crop rotation and crop taking into account the requirements of economic development and environmental management.
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A Study on Chromatography Methods for the Separation and Detection of Certain Benzodiazepine Drug in Forensic Sample

Forensic Scientists are required to identify an ever increasing and more complex assortment of drugs and related compounds.
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A Set of Axioms on Forces in the Mechanics of Rigid Bodies

The following examinations focus on defining force, its characteristics, and the axiomatic definition of its effect. It is known that the Newtonian axioms define a few characteristics of force and the relationship among force and the parameters (coordinates) of acceleration in the case of movement (acceleration) of point-like bodies.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Anodic Porous Alumina Array for Cyanine Fluorophore Cy3 Confinement

Self-organized anodic porous alumina films with hexagonal pore lattice have attracted a considerable attention for biological arrays and confinement of various organic probes dyes in solutions. A molecular structure with axial symmetry in bis-heterocyclic indole chains and conjugate system, such as cyanine fluorophore Cy3 dye, was investigated here with respect to its fluorescence when loaded in the anodic alumina pores.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to MS

John A. St. Cyr

Medical-Surgical Consultant
Physiological Research Laboratories/Medtronic Inc USA

RAFFAELE MAROTTA

Associate Professor of Industrial Chemistry
Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials and Industrial Production
University of Naples Federico II
Italy

Zhiping Yu

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics
University of North Florida
United States

Yu Shyr

Professor
Department of Biomedical Informatics
Vanderbilt University
United States

Judyth L. Twigg

Professor
Department of Political Science
Virginia Commonwealth University
United States

Rashmi Bansal

Professor
Department of Neuroscience
University of Connecticut Health Center
United States

Antonio Sanchez-Pozo

Professor
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II
University of Granada
Spain

Yi Qian

Professor
Biomechanics
Australian School of Advanced Medicine
Macquarie University
Australia

Zhenglong Gu

Associate Professor
Division of Nutritional Sciences
Cornell University
United States

Subash Sad

Professor
Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology
University of Ottawa
Canada
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