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Articles Related to STI

Accidentally Discovered Pure Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Gall Bladder: A Case Report

Squamous cell carcinoma of the gallbladder is rarely reported, comprises less than 1% of all gall bladder cancer and portends a worse prognosis than the more common adenocarcinoma. We report a 80-year-old female who presented with acute onset epigastric pain. She was operated on based on a presumptive diagnosis of acute on top of chronic cholecystitis with cholelithiasis according to clinical and ultrasonographic findings. Histopathological examination of the thickened wall of the gallbladder revealed well to moderately differentiated keratinized squamous cell carcinoma invading full wall thickness and infiltrating the liver. Further examinations revealed no other primary site for the tumour. Gallbladder cancer should be considered as part of the differential diagnosis in elderly patients presenting with cholecystitis.
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Association between Physical Activity and Body Weight: Health Creation and Disease Prevention

Leisure time physical activity has a broad spectrum of health benefits. The objective of this study was to provide evidence and to support the association between physical activity and body weight. We used data from a probability sample of 8,128 individuals residing in Montreal (Canada). Multinomial multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the association between physical activity and body weight. Results showed no statistical association between physical activity and underweight. However, physical activity was associated with overweight, namely individuals doing less physical activity were significantly more likely to be overweight (OR=1.42; 95%CI=1.18- 1.69) than those performing intense physical activity. Additionally, the association between physical activity and obesity showed a negative incremental relationship, i.e. individuals reporting moderate physical activity were 29% more likely to be obese (OR=1.29; 95%CI=1.07- 1.55), and those reporting low physical activity were 123% more likely to be obese (OR=2.23; 95%CI=1.80-2.76) compared to intense physical activity status. Leisure time physical activity and overweight/obesity were significantly associated after accounting for several socioeconomic, lifestyle and health-related correlates. Due to the broader positive impact of physical activity on the health status of the individual, we advise health authorities to facilitate the propagation of healthy lifestyle in the community by adopting a health-creation policy in addition to the conventional disease-prevention strategy
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Paraneoplastic Urticarial Vasculitis and Recurrence of Prostatic Adenocarcinoma

Chronic urticaria is a common condition but its etiology can sometimes be serious. A variety of causes has been reported to induce urticaria, like food, infections, drugs or environmental factors. Although an association between chronic urticarial and malignancy has been occasionally reported, such association remains controversial because it’s difficult to demonstrate it’s not just coincidental. However, various cancers have been described in connection with this skin pathology such as thyroid, pulmonary or renal carcinoma. In all of these cases, treatment of the tumor led to prompt resolution of the urticarial lesions, thus suggesting a pathogenetic relationship between the two. We report the case of a man treated for several months without success for chronic urticaria whose treatment of the recurrence of his prostate cancer has removed the skin lesions.
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Bioequivalence between two Prolonged Release Tablets of Desvenlafaxine Succinate in Healthy Subjects under Fasting and Fed Conditions

Bioavailability in different formulations of desvenlafaxine100 mg prolonged-release tablets was compared in two bioequivalence studies, one under fasting conditions and the other after a standard breakfast. Both studies were a single dose, randomized, open-label, two-period crossover, with Brazilian male and female healthy subjects. Blood samples were taken during 48 h and plasmatic concentrations were determined using a validated UPLC-MS/MS method.
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A Systematic Review Caenorhabditis Elegans (C. Elegans) - A Host Model Organism to Study Drug-Induced Responses to the Effects of Stimulant and Depressant Drugs

Although there are many researches on drug of abuse behavior using C. elegans as model organism, the precise targets and mechanism shared by C. elegans accompanied with behavioral responses to substance misuse is still scarce. This alternative model for rodents and other animal organism has been used to investigate genetic mechanism and specific genes coding drug-induced behavioral response. However, there is very few papers reported to summarize and analyze findings from original researches to identify target/genes underpinning responses to drug addiction.
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Effect of Rotation and Gravity on Generalized Thermoelastic Medium with Double Porosity under L-S Theory

In this paper, the discussion will be on the physical quantities of generalized thermoelastic medium with double porosity under Lord and Shulman theory. The effect of rotation and gravity has been established. The half-space is considered of an isotropic homogeneous thermoelastic material.
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Mapping Water Quality by Using Geostatistical Method (Marmaris Bay, Mugla, Turkey)

In this study, low cost spatial and temporal in-situ measurement and water quality parameters of Marmaris bay are collected thought the coastal. The bathymetry of the Marmaris bay is mapped according to depth sonar measurement.
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Assessment of Physico-Chemical Properties, Pasting Profiles and Sensory Scores of Co-Processed Quality Protein Maize and Carrot Complementary Food

The aim of this study is to determine the physico-chemical properties, pasting profiles and sensory scores of complementary food from co-processed maize and carrot. TZE-YPOP-DT-STR-QPM and normal maize; SUWAN-ISR were selected for this study. Each variety was divided into two portions; a portion was co-milled with 20% carrot while the other portion was co-fermented with 20% carrot.
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Induce Hyperlipidemia in Rats Using High Fat Diet Investigating Blood Lipid and Histopathology

The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of induced hyperlipidemia in SD rats fed with high fat diet (HFD) for 7 weeks on blood lipid profile and possible pathological changes in liver, stomach, intestine, heart, spleen, lung and kidney. There were significant differences in most rats which induced hyperlipidemia throughout the experimental period with the blood lipid levels and histopathology.
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Novel Evidences of Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for Spasticity

Spasticity is defined as ‘a disorder of sensorimotor control, resulting from an upper motor neuron (UMN) lesion, presenting as intermittent or sustained involuntary activation of muscles’. It is characterized by increased involuntary velocity-dependent tonic stretch reflexes (muscle tone) with exaggerated tendon jerks, resulting from hyper-excitability of the stretch reflex. In the recent years,a range of non-pharmacological interventions has been used to manage spasticity. Among the novel of all therapies, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is attractive for many researchers since the noninvasive, easy application after well training and afety property. Moreover, the evidences of regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues made ESWT more interesting than other novel therapies.This article will show the evidences, practical clinical use and precaution to guide treating for the clinicians in the novel therapy of ESWT for spasticity. The review of the scientific evidences including methodology components and main results of ESWT treatment on upper limb and lower limb muscles affected by post-stroke spasticity are demonstrated. However, reducing spasticity alone without addressing the negative components of the upper motor neuron syndrome will limit meaningful recovery. A combination of rehabilitation techniques is needed to facilitate functional improvements.
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Occupational Exposure to Blood and Bodily Fluids among Health Care Workers in a Medical Teaching Hospital

The objective of this study was to evaluate blood and bodily fluids exposure through needlestick injuries (NSI) and non-percutaneous incidents among healthcare workers (HCWs). This project utilized a dataset collected from J. W. Ruby Memorial Hospital in Morgantown, West Virginia, between January 1, 2014 and August 15, 2017. Data included de-identified codes of employees, occupations, types of exposure to bloodborne pathogens, routes of exposure, infectious disease exposures, and time incidents.
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Estimation of the Abundances of Heavy Elements Isotopes in Neutron Stars

The cataclysmic merger of two rotating neutron stars in an explosive event is called a Kilonova. Such an event (17 August 2017) leads to the production of more than an Earth’s mass of precious metals like gold, platinum, uranium, and many of the rare elements. The merger led to the emission of gravitational waves that travel with the speed of light.
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Age Related Variation in Feminine Handwriting among Population Groups of Delhi, India

Handwriting is a uniquely human trait which progresses and evolves during lifetime and declines with age. The aim of the present paper is to assess variation in handwriting features with age among female writers of select population groups of Delhi, India (for Roman script).
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Prevalence of Mastitis and Associated risk factors in Jimma Town Dairy Farms, Western Ethiopia

Across sectional study of epidemiological risk factors and associated bacterial pathogens was conducted on 216 lactating dairy cows in jimma town from Oct. 2016 to April 2017 to determine the overall prevalence rate, associated bacterial pathogens and to assess effect of risk factors on prevalence of mastitis. Upon physical examination of udder and teats the prevalence of clinical mastitis was 2.3% at cow level and 0.96% at quarter level. Using the California mastitis test (CMT) for detection of sub clinical mastitis, the prevalence of sub clinical mastitis at cow level and quarter level was 60.65 and 38.4% respectively. The overall prevalence of mastitis was 62.96. Out of 323 (38.4%) CMT positive quarters with evidence of sub clinical mastitis, the quarter infection rate for the right rare quarter was highest (41.3%) followed by left rear (38.8%), right and left front (each 36.7%). Up on microbiological examination of milk samples for both clinical and subclinical quarters, out of a total of 331 cultured, 271(81.9%) yielded bacteria whereas 60(18.1%) yielded no bacteria. A total of 263 bacterial pathogens were isolated whereas 8 were mixed infections with more than two different colonies. The main bacterial pathogens isolated were coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) (26.6 %), Staphylococcus aureus (24.7%), Escherichia coli (13.31%), Streptococcus species (9.13%), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (8.8%). Other bacteria isolated with low isolation rate were micrococcus species (3.04%), Corynebacterium species (3.4%), Actinomyces pyogenes (3.8%), Bacillus species (3.42%) and other gram negative rods (3.8%). Host factors such as breed, age parity and lactation stage had significant effect on the prevalence of mastitis (p‹0.05). Managemental and environmental factors such as bedding, ventilation, frequency of barn cleaning, udder washing and use of communal towel had significant effect on the occurrence of mastitis (p‹0.05). Whereas milking practice, drainage had insignificant effect on the prevalence of mastitis (p›0.05).
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The Role of Nursing in Scientific Investigation in Africa: A Retrospective Analysis

We think that there is a generalized opinion that nursing professionals have to possess a strong vocation for their profession, which can be compared with the priesthood. In Europe, during the Middle Ages, they were supported by the Catholic Church. It is believed that the first recorded aspects of nursing place the inception of the profession during the height of the Roman Empire, around 300 A.D. It was during this time that the Empire sought to place a hospital within every town under its rule.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Editorial Board Members Related to STI

Madhu K. Nair

Professor
Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Diagnostic Sciences
College of Dentistry
University of Florida
United States

Arcady Putilov

Chief Researcher
Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics
Russia

Zakariya H. Nawasreh

Assistant Professor
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Jordan

WEN ZHOU

Associate Faculty
Women's Health Faculty
Columbia University
United States

Weibin Shi

Associate Professor
Radiology and Biochemistry & Molecular Genetics
University of Virginia
United States

Abdel-Tawab H. Mossa

Professor
Pesticide Chemistry Department
National Research Centre (NRC)
Egypt

Wai Yee Chan

Professor of Biomedical Sciences and Director
School of Biomedical Sciences
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Chantal ME Tallaksen

Professor
Department of Neurology
University of Oslo
Norway

Wayne Brake

Professor
Department of Psychology
Center for Studies in Behavioral Neurobiology
Concordia University
Canada

Carmelo Romeo

Pediatric Surgeon
Department of Pediatric, Gynecological, Microbiological and Biomedical Sceinces
University of Messina
Italy
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