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Assessment of Cyanide Concentrations in Cassava Peels obtained at different levels of Processing for Resource Reuse

Cassava processing is a year-round activity in Nigeria, especially in southern part and Ibadan city. The wastes generated by the various processing industries are enormous. Cassava peels are a major residue of processing to prepare various food products. The cassava peels have high concentration of cyanide which has toxic and polluting effects. It is therefore important that the peels are properly processed or pre-treated to reduce the cyanide content before using them as livestock feed which is a common practice among livestock rearers.
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HIV Screening Scenarios and Targets to Achieve 90% Sero-Status Knowledge Over 2021-2025 in Morocco – Pioneer Use Case of the Goals HIV Testing Strategies Model in a Concentrated Epidemic

Morocco applied the Goals testing model, projecting alternative testing scale-up scenarios, varying coverage targets for 13 adult populations. The model was calibrated using program service delivery, spending and surveillance data (2015-2019), integrated bio-behavioural surveys, and national HIV estimates. It projects annual diagnoses by target group from undiagnosed prevalence and testing coverage, allowing for HIV-infected people self-selecting for testing, retesting and transitions between groups. Scenarios were evaluated for knowledge status improvement and cost, focusing on 2023-2025.
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Visual Maps and Visual Perception

Electrophysiological recording has revolutionized the understanding of visual perception. We review our studies with multielectrode recordings describing topographically organized visual maps in several cortical areas and electrophysiological recording revealing perceptual completion of borders and filling in of color and texture. In addition, we analyzed the existing literature to upgrade the knowledge about serial hierarchical, parallel processing and remapping on a dynamic network of cortical visual areas.
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The Occurrence of Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Complications and an Evaluation of the Methods Utilized to Mitigate Them

Despite intravenous (IV) catheters being among the most common invasive clinical devices used in a hospital setting, they are associated with complication rates up to 50% in large medical centers. High patient burden combined with enormous costs to the healthcare system necessitates improvement in IV catheter safety and utilization.
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Ayurvedic Antiviral Agents: Overview of Medicinal Plants Perspective

In recent years it has been reported that many of the herbal plants contain antiviral agents which combat human disease that are caused by pathogenic viruses. The natural products which are obtained from plants as antiviral agents against viruses have gone through researches to check the efficacy and potentials of the herbal products in prevention of viral disorders.
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Antibiotics in Lebanese Surface Waters: Estimation of Population Exposure and Identification of High-Risk Drugs

The evaluation of the environmental risk of antibiotics and their byproducts is an important topic around the world viewing the increase of use of antibiotics and the absence of conventional water treatment plants. The objective of the study is to determine the consumption of antibiotics and evaluate their potential health hazard as contaminants of the Lebanese surface waters. Data of 704 antibiotics consumed in 2019 were provided by the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH).
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Case Series: Fishhook Penetrating Eye Injuries

Fishing is considered a favorite pastime and source of living for many, but rare incidences can happen and end up in serious ocular injuries. Here we are presenting 3 cases of fish hook penetrating eye injuries for a year in Hospital Serdang, Malaysia. 2 of them were fishing while the third was a bystander.
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Comparative Bioequivalence Studies of Pantoprazole 40 mg Delayed-Release Tablet Formulations in Healthy Thai Volunteers

Pantoprazole is a H+,K+-ATPase enzyme inhibitor for the treatment of acid-related gastrointestinal diseases. The Government Pharmaceutical Organization (GPO), Thailand had developed Pantoprazole GPO® (pantoprazole 40 mg delayed-release tablets) as a generic substitute for the corresponding innovator product, CONTROLOC® 40 mg.
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A Review of General Policies and Regulations of Solid Waste Management in Saudi Arabia

Municipal or household solid wastes are generated from several sources in Saudi Arabia and more than 80% of population is concentered in different urban areas and solid waste generation in three largest cities in Saudi Arabia such as Riyadh, Jeddah and Dammam where variable human activities are encountered.
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The Performance of an Organo - Modified Natural Bentonite in the Adsorption of Petroleum Fractions

Nigerian bentonite was modified with cetyltrimetylammoniumbromide (CTAB), a quaternary ammonium compound which possesses surfactant properties. Modification was achieved via impregnation techniques and also varying the concentration of the modifier from 0.02 - 0.15mol/L. Adsorption test was carried out using Water, Petrol (PMS), Kerosene (DPK) and Automotive Gas Oil (AGO) on both modified and unmodified bentonite.
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Utilization of Red mud-Water/Soil Pollutant for Alternative Engineering Applications: A Critical Perspective Review

Environmental pollution and climate change continue to be a major cause for concern in the 21st century. Aluminum is the most abundant metal on the surface used in every walk of life. Red mud, a by-product produced during the extraction of Aluminium from Bauxite by Bayer’s Process, causes serious hazards for the human and ecological systems.
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Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Identify and Prioritize Interventions for Ameliorating Food Security and Health in Chacraseca, Nicaragua

In this study, we report the results of a needs assessment conducted using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and concept mapping to identify and prioritize interventions for improved food security and health in Chacraseca, Nicaragua. The study involved stakeholders from Auburn University, a non-profit organization (JustHope, Inc.), medical doctors, and community members from Chacraseca.
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Epidemiological Approach to Mortal Lesions-Traffic Accident in Yara Municipality, 2007, Cuba

The purpose of this article is to describe the epidemiological behavior of the mortal lesions in a traffic accident occurred in Yara, Municipality, Cuba, in 2007. Method: The clinical, radiological and anatomical-pathological variables of mortal lesions in the traffic accident as a result of the collision between a train and a bus in Veguitas town, in Yara, municipality of Granma province, on October 6th, 2007.
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Narrative Review of Challenges and Considerations in Resuming Elective Gynaecology Surgery in Climate of Continuing Community Transmission of Covid-19 in a Low Resource Setting

The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic in March 2020 and since then COVID-19 infection has been reported in all parts of the world. Several Healthcare systems reduced or canceled none emergency or urgent surgeries to effectively manage the pandemic. Recently, the reported incidence of new cases of COVID-19 has reduced in some regions and some Healthcare systems are resuming elective gynecologic surgery. This narrative review explores the challenges of planning and resuming elective gynecologic surgery in a climate of continuing community transmission.
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Bioequivalence of Two Efavirenz/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate 600/200/300 mg Fixed-Dose Combination Tablets in Healthy Thai Male Volunteers under Fasting Conditions

Fixed-dose combination tablet formulation of efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 600/200/300 mg is an antiretroviral therapy comprising one non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor and two nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors to control human immunodeficiency virus infection.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to ions

QINGRONG HUANG

Professor
Department of Food Science
Rutgers University
United States

Gam Lay Harn

Professor
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Malaysia

Huaizhen Qin

Assistant Professor
Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics
Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
United States

Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari

Postdoctoral researcher
Department of Civil Engineering
Islamic Azad University
Iran

Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi

Assistant Professor
Department of Tissue Engineering
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Iran

Babak Saedi

Babak saedi Professor
Department of Otolaryngology
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Iran

JIANGUO ZHAO

Professor of “100 talent” at the Institute of Zoology
Chinese Academy of Sciences
China

Vincenzo Cuomo

Professor
Department of Pharmacology
University of Rome
Italy

Suman Sirimulla

Assistant Professor
Department of Basic Sciences
St. Louis College of Pharmacy
St. Louis, MO
United States.

Mohamed M. El Alfy

Associate Professor of Hydrogeology
Prince Sultan Institute For Environment
Water and Desert Research
King Saud University
Saudi Arabia
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