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Computer Simulations of Brain Oxygenation at the Microvascular Level Validating a New Role of the Arterioles

Brain physiology critically depends on constant oxygen supply to the neurons to ensure various energy–dependent functions of the central nervous system. A volume of latest experimental data on oxygen metabolism obtained with high temporal and spatial resolution, with both invasive and non-invasive methods, and the use of technologies of various degrees of sophistication, strongly suggests arteriole involvement in brain oxygenation. This new approach challenges the traditional views on brain oxygenation according to which oxygen supply to the brain tissues occurs by diffusion at the capillary level.
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Epidemiological, Clinical and Radiographic Profile of Thoracic Manifestations Associated with Sickle Cell Anemia in Adults at Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo in Ouagadougou at Burkina Faso

Sickle cell anemia is a public health priority, but do its chest manifestations always require a chest radiography ? Our study aims to determine the epidemiological, clinical and radiographic profiles of the thoracic manifestations in the drepanocytic adult in the city of Ouagadougou (BURKINA FASO).
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Cognitive Enhancers Derived from Edible Crops

The concept of an effective cognitive boosting nootropic supplement is gaining traction with consumers, neuroscientists and regulators alike and it is therefore unsurprising that scientifically validated Nootropics are highly prized. New research demonstrates edible crops could be useful sources to mine for new nootropics; plant extracts enriched with an array of cognitive enhancing metabolites. There is merit in investigating these plant species. Metadata has identifies consuming specific fruit and vegetables positively affects cognitive function; therefore these same edible crop plants present as opportunities for developing nootropic formulations. This hypothesis is supported by positive data obtained through clinical testing [e.g. extracts of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), herbs from the Genus Salvia, cocoa (Theobroma), tea (Camellia sinensisor) and coffee (Coffea Arabica). This review will discuss clinically tested cognitive enhancers derived from edible crop species and discuss their use alongside other classes of nootropics.
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Relationship between Blood Ethanol Concentration, Ethyl Glucuronide and Ethyl Sulfate and Clinical Signs of Alcohol Intoxication

Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) are markers for screening previous alcohol consumption and indicating recent drinking in cases of suspicion of driving under the influence of alcohol.
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Charles Bonnet Syndrome: Rapid Resolution of Visual Hallucinations with Low Dose Risperidone

Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) comprises of complex visual hallucinations secondary to visual impairment in the presence of preserved cognition. Age related macular degeneration and other factors causing visual deterioration lead to visual hallucinations in 10-15% of patients. Sensory deprivation and social isolation are risk factors for development of CBS. The distressing hallucinations are underreported by patients and to date there are no robust evidence based guidelines to manage these hallucinations. Since visual hallucinations are associated with multiple psychiatric disorders as well, these patients are often referred to mental health providers. Here, we present the case of CBS development after macular degeneration. Rapid and sustained resolution of visual hallucinations and associated distress was observed with low dose Risperidone.
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Evaluation of the Autistic Children Motor Skills: Research Project Proposal

Imitation is considered as a platform for interdisciplinary studies where social sciences, cognitive psychology, neurobiology and neurocybernetics interact, as well as clinical psychology. It is often used to explore various and several scientific fields but few works have investigated a series of linked successive motor actions. The current work aimed to study and expand the findings regarding which information subjects of different populations selected and included for reproducing demonstrated model ’actions. 120 children of 6 age groups divided between 3 years and 8 years, associated to autistic and deficient children were tested in this present study. This developmental scale completed, should provide a baseline for understanding in what type of constraints the autistic child would be specifically deficient in the management of his imitation. The comparison with mentally deficient children also seemed indispensable. The children’s imitative responses were videotaped, coded in dichotomy data, and then put into percentage. Our expected goal is to characterize the traits of autistic motor skills in reference to normal and mentally deficient development.
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Gastrointestinal Implications of Post-Exercise Orange Juice Consumption

100% fruit juice (e.g., orange juice [OJ]) in 237 mL doses is considered 1 serving of fruit and generally recommended as a part of a healthy diet.
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The First Suspicions Case of Congeneital Microcephaly Associated with Zika Virus in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Zika virus infection is public health emergency in the world with 4 million people infected in America.The objective of this presentation is to recall and illustrate the fetal microcephaly associated to Zika virus infection in pregnancy
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The Influence of Meteorological Parameters on Indoor and Outdoor Radon Concentrations: A Preliminary Case Study

In this study the influence of meteorology on indoor and outdoor radon concentrations in four different locations in a Mediterranean country have been studied. Indoor, daily radon concentrations were generally higher (0.2 – 85.0 Bq m-3) than outdoor daily concentrations (0.8 – 3.6 Bq m-3) in all locations studied with the exception of one that was built on pylons, thus reducing infiltration of radon from the ground. Indoor and outdoor meteorological parameters influence both the indoor and outdoor radon concentrations. In particular, outdoor wind speed and relative humidity show a negative correlation with both outdoor and indoor concentrations at all locations. Radon concentrations were also measured at two different levels of a terraced house (a common household type in Malta), in the basement and on ground floor.
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Study on Cooling Zarabi Buck Semen with Different Concentrations of Low Density Lipoprotiens

Cooled semen is a cheap and easy alternative technique that can be used in breeding program instead of freezing technique which induces detrimental effects on sperms. The most important need is a suitable extender and preservation technique in which spermatozoa can be storage without affecting their fertilizing ability
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Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Twin Sisters after Ibuprofen Administration. New Insights in Pathogenesis and Literature Review

Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are closely-related, severe, acute life-threatening, drug-induced skin and mucosal disorders with a high mortality rate or long-term damages. These medical conditions are considered a delayed, typeIV hypersensitivity reaction and can be triggered by drugs, infections and malignancies.
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A Look at Day Fines: What has happened over the Years?

This paper seeks to explore the development of day fines or fines as a single penalty for major offenses in the United States and in European countries.
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Effects of Transfer Factor Supplementation on Immune Reactions in Mice

Colostrum-derived transfer factors are among the highest potential natural immunostimulatory food supplements. In our study, we evaluated the possible effects of supplementation with various compositions that included transfer factors in phagocytosis, TNF-α and IL-2 secretion, antibody formation and NK cells activity. We found significant improvements of all these immune reactions after 7 days of supplementation.
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Can Myofascial Treatment with Pulsating Vibrations Improve Mobility for Patients with Frozen Shoulder? A Case Study

Thousands of patients are annually diagnosed with Frozen Shoulder (FS) or adhesive capsulitis, where the joint capsule contracts and becomes less flexible. The condition is painful, with reduced range of motion (ROM) in the shoulder and arm and causes great suffering, often with difficulty sleeping and greatly reduced work ability. The treatment given today is partly conventional treatment with cortisone or NSAID preparations as well as physiotherapy and other therapeutic treatment which usually have limited effect. The study investigates whether myofascial treatment, using a device generating deep pulsating vibrations, can provide increased ROM and facilitate for these patients. 23 patients diagnosed with FS were included in the study. Three treatments were performed, within set time intervals. The ROM was measured before and after each treatment, pictures were taken with a thermography camera and angles were measured. The result showed that 87 percent got an increased ROM by 30 degrees or more, that 52 percent of the patients improved ROM by 60 degrees or more, and that 30 percent regained full ROM. 61 percent of the patients also reported improved quality of sleep. The study indicates that this treatment could possibly improve ROM and well-being for patients with FS. Further studies are recommended to evaluate and validate these findings. A validated treatment of FS could mean great socioeconomic benefits and an increased quality of life for patients diagnosed with FS.
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Sources of Indoor Air Pollutants in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Including Skunk Liquid, Household Cleaning Products, and Others

The air pollution’s situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) can be simply described as ‘catastrophic.’
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to ions

William J Winslade

Professor
Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health
The University of Texas Medical Branch
United States

Nigar Dursun

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kocaeli University
Turkey

Yunus Dogan

Professor
Buca Faculty of Education
Dokuz Eylul University
Turkey

Franciszek Adamicki

Rector/Lecturer
Department of Horticulture
College of Economic and Humanities
Skierniewice
Poland

Jill Slay

Professor
Division of Information Technology, Engineering and the Environment
University of South Australia
Australia

Olga S. Latinovic

Assistant Professor
Institute of Human Virology
University of Maryland School of Medicine
United States

Hung-Jen Liu

Distinguished Professor & Director
Institute of Molecular Biology
National Chung Hsing University
Taiwan

Vincenzo Cuomo

Professor
Department of Pharmacology
University of Rome
Italy

Vural Fidan

Vural Fidan, M.D. Department of Otorhinolaryngology
Hacettepe University
Yunus Emre Government Hospital
Turkey

MATEJ TRAPECAR

Assistant Professor
National Forensic Laboratory
Slovenia
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