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Genome Wide Transcriptome Analysis of Soybeans (Glycine max) Treated with Ascophyllum nodosum Extract and its Compositional Oligosaccharides

The beneficial effects of brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum and its corresponding extract (ANE) on crops have been widely reported. However, the bioactive components within ANE and associated modes-of-action are poorly understood. Mycophycias ascophylli is a naturally occurring mutualistic endosymbiont of A. nodosum. In the making of ANE, polysaccharides from the cell walls of both A. nodosum and, M. ascophylli, create corresponding oligosaccharides which make up the major components within ANE.
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Six Years to Diagnose Bilateral Congenital Choanal Atresia: A Case Report

Bilateral choanal atresia is a rare congenital malformation, which causes asphyxia neonatorum rarely compatible with life, making this pathology a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency. We report a very rare case of bilateral choanal atresia in a girl who survived to the age of 6 without neonatal care, and we discuss the clinical, endoscopic, radiological aspects and the treatment of this condition
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Cranial Vault Tumor Revealing Metastatic Thyroid Carcinoma

Distant metastases from follicular thyroid carcinoma are not uncommon, but bone localization in the cranial vault is extremely rare. Although these metastases have a poor prognosis, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can improve quality of life. We report a case of follicular thyroid carcinoma revealed by a metastasis of the cranial vault initially diagnosed as meningioma.
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Oral Carcinoma in Young-Clinico-Pathological Profile and Survival Outcomes in a North Indian Population

To study the prevalence, clinico-pathological profile and survival outcome of oral squamous cell carcinoma in young patients (<40 years).
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Rare Case of Coexisting First and Second Bilateral Branchial Fistulas

Branchial arch anomalies are one of the most common congenital anomalies that are usually unilateral, bilateral presentation is rare. We describe what we believe a rare reported clinical case of a 34-year-old man with coexisting first and second bilateral branchial fistulas associated with no family history or associated syndrome.
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Functional Outcomes of Stapes Surgery with Titanium and Teflon Prosthesis: Randomized Controlled Trial

Prosthesis material and design is thought to have a role in effective sound transmission, rate of complications and success of stapes surgery. Titanium has been shown to be a promising material in this regard. We compared the intra-operative events, complication rate and the hearing outcomes results of stapes surgery using titanium versus fluoroplastic piston prosthesis.
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The Effect of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality on Cardiac Arrest Outcome

Cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death in USA, nearly 90% of them fatal and Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of death worldwide. The Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), especially if administered immediately after cardiac arrest, can double or triple a person’s chance of survival. CPR by training persons increases the frequency the survival rate. Therefore, we aim to look into the common pitfalls that both medical students and genior physicians face in the recognition and dealing Compression in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation with its outcome.
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Relationship between Body Mass Index and Diagnosis of Obesity in the Military Health System Active Duty Population

The overall rate of obesity is rising in the United States; this is also reflected in the military population. It is important that providers appropriately diagnose obesity and discuss treatment options with their patients.
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Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Identify and Prioritize Interventions for Ameliorating Food Security and Health in Chacraseca, Nicaragua

In this study, we report the results of a needs assessment conducted using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and concept mapping to identify and prioritize interventions for improved food security and health in Chacraseca, Nicaragua. The study involved stakeholders from Auburn University, a non-profit organization (JustHope, Inc.), medical doctors, and community members from Chacraseca.
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Epidemiological Approach to Mortal Lesions-Traffic Accident in Yara Municipality, 2007, Cuba

The purpose of this article is to describe the epidemiological behavior of the mortal lesions in a traffic accident occurred in Yara, Municipality, Cuba, in 2007. Method: The clinical, radiological and anatomical-pathological variables of mortal lesions in the traffic accident as a result of the collision between a train and a bus in Veguitas town, in Yara, municipality of Granma province, on October 6th, 2007.
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Hyponatremia as Parameter in Admission and Discharge Disability of Stroke Survivors, Babol, North of Iran

Stroke is one of the most common neurological diseases, research on risk factors except classical ones has been going on and hyponatremia is one of these
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Tetanus Presenting with Back Pain

Tetanus is caused by Clostridium tetani, which one of its toxins, tetanospasmin is the cause of clinical symptoms. The incubation period is generally 3 days to 3 weeks. The clinical severity is due to the amount of toxin and the neural distance to reach the neuronal body.
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Reinfection in A Healthcare Worker with SARS-Cov 2 in a Hospital in North India

Here, we report a case of reinfection after a gap of 97 days in our hospital. A 26-year-old male was working as a health care worker (HCW) in the COVID Intensive Care Unit. After completing his posting of 14 days (active quarantine), he tested positive with SARS CoV-2 by Real-time PCR (RTPCR) assay on 03/05/20 during routine testing which is done to all the HCW at the end of the active quarantine period as per the hospital policy
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Primary Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Mandibular Bone, an Extremly Rare Case Report

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare epithelial neoplasm, that may affect the salivary glands. It comprises 30% of epithelial minor salivary gland tumors. We present the case of a 56-year-old non-smoking woman with no significant medical history. The MRI finds a lesional process involving the right hemi mandible, the right buccal floor, which extends towards the region of the masticators and infiltrates the submandibular gland. A bone biopsy of the mandible under general anesthesia was performed, showing an adenoid cystic carcinoma. After announcing the diagnosis to the patient, she refused any treatment
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Amyloid Goiter Showing a Systemic Amyloidosis (A Case Report)

Amyloidosis is the finale pathway of a metabolic disorder in the body that can be primary or secondary leading to abnormal extracellular deposition of proteins in one or more tissues. Thyroid damage is very rare.
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Introduction to the special issue on ‘Nanostructures by Valve Metal Anodization’

With this special issue of JMSN we are pleased to present significant contributions to a fascinating topic in the field of materials nanostructing, which is the anodization of valve metals. By this treatment porous oxides of controlled geometry can be grown on the respective metal surfaces. To date, aluminum (Al) has been used most often, as confirmed in this special issue where nine out of ten contributions deals with its anodization.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Anodic Porous Alumina Array for Cyanine Fluorophore Cy3 Confinement

Self-organized anodic porous alumina films with hexagonal pore lattice have attracted a considerable attention for biological arrays and confinement of various organic probes dyes in solutions. A molecular structure with axial symmetry in bis-heterocyclic indole chains and conjugate system, such as cyanine fluorophore Cy3 dye, was investigated here with respect to its fluorescence when loaded in the anodic alumina pores.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to

Daniela Iannazzo

University Researcher
Department of Electronic Engineering, Industrial Chemistry and Engineering
University of Messina
Italy

Filippo Giarratana

Researcher
Department of Veterinary Sciences
University of Messina
Italy

Mohammad Khayatzadeh Mahani

Assistant Professor
`Occupational Therapy department
Ahvaz Jundishapoor University of Medical Sciences
Iran

Yue Chen

Assistant Professor
Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics,
University of Minnesota
United States

SALEH A. NASER

Professor of Medicine and Graduate Coordinator
Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences
University of Central Florida
United States

ADELIA C BOVELL-BENJAMIN

Professor
Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
Tuskegee University
United States

Shen Hu

Associate Professor
School of Dentistry
University of California
United States

Abdul-Monim Batiha

Associate Professor
Faculty of Nursing
Philadelphia University
Jordan

FADONG YAN

Scientist
SUNY College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering
United States

Robert Luk

Associate Professor
Department of Computing
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Hong Kong
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