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Articles Related to LF

Health Care Workers and Self-Assessed Communication with Language Diverse Patients in the St. Louis Region at the Onset and One Year into COVID-19

Self-assessment (SA) of English speaking ability by patients has been an important reference for the health workforce, and in the past 10 years, research examining health literacy in the USA has continued to emphasize the patient. In the current study, 338 Health Care Workers (HCWs) (82% female and 63% nurses) reported on their current communications with patients (one year into the COVID-19 pandemic) and recalled what communication was like at the onset of the pandemic. Through SA as a way for HCWs to analyze communication, this study investigated information available from community and healthcare facilities, oral communication with patients, and the training of healthcare professionals.
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The Combination of Shear Wave Elastography and ELF Test in a Single Score Improves the Diagnostic Specificity for Liver Fibrosis Prediction

Forty patients with CHDs who received liver biopsy to stage fibrosis and 12 normal subjects performed also shear wave elastography (SWE) and ELF-test. We chose two different outcomes for histological fibrosis (F0-F1 vs F2-F4) and (F0-F2 vs F3-F4). ELF-test and SWE were independent predictors, categorized using ROC analysis. Two scores called SCORE1 and SCORE2 were devised.
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Factors Affecting Exercise Self-efficacy in Predialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

There was significant evidence to suggest that exercise improves physical function, symptom burden, and quality of life in predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, most CKD patients cannot adherence to minimum recommended levels of exercise.
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Relationship between Blood Ethanol Concentration, Ethyl Glucuronide and Ethyl Sulfate and Clinical Signs of Alcohol Intoxication

Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) are markers for screening previous alcohol consumption and indicating recent drinking in cases of suspicion of driving under the influence of alcohol.
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Relationship between Self-Stigma and Quality of Life among Patients with Schizophrenia

Individuals who are diagnosed with severe mental illness (SMI) such as schizophrenia have always been viewed publicly as being hazardous, violent, aggressive and unpredictable. Their awareness of the fact that they are being discriminated against and stereotyped results in an intense feeling of being devalued by the society, which is referred to as Self-stigma [1,2].
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Transient Bacteria Removal by Concentrated Sulfuric Acid for Cell Pollution

We found and recommended a method for rapid and effective sterilization by using concentrated sulfuric acid in cell culture.
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Enteric Duplication Cyst in Infant: Case Report and Literature Review

Congenital malformations can go unnoticed and have an impact on morbidity and mortality in early stages of life being a cause of infant death in some countries [1]. Malformations of the gastrointestinal tract occupy the second place among congenital abnormalities [2]. Along with them, the enteric duplication cyst is an infrequent anomaly difficult to diagnose specially for a non-specialist physician that is not use to attend this kind of pathologies or in hospitals where patients with this entities are infrequent. We present the case of a 5-month-old patient who underwent intestinal resection due to enteric duplication cyst.
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Occurrences of Dairy Calf Mortality and Morbidity and the Associated Risk Factors in Sululta and its Environs, Central Ethiopia

Calf morbidity and mortality are important causes of economic losses on dairy farms worldwide. A cross-sectional study and clinical observation was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the objective of determining calf morbidity and mortality and to investigate the potential risk factors for mortality and morbidity in Sululta and its environs. A total of 312 respondents engaged in market oriented small holder dairying were interviewed using a structured questionnaire survey about their farm and calf management practices and major calf health problems encountered and diseases that causes mortality. The overall magnitude of morbidity and mortality of calves were 31.0% and 58.37%, respectively. The major calf diseases found were diarrhea (69.34%), pneumonia (16.54%), liver fluke (2.4%), bloat (2.0%), joint ill (2.4%) and other cases (8.04%). Risk factors such as weaning age, breed and awareness of colostrums, feeding of calf and overall farm management were included. In this study 80.3% of calf mortality occurs under age 3 month and 19.42% is above 3 month. Based on laboratory examination, Salmonella and E.coli were detected from diarrheic calves. Salmonella found at rate of 2/29 (3.6%) and E.coli found at only genus level. In conclusion, the magnitude of calf morbidity and mortality found in this study were much higher than economically tolerable level and could greatly affect the productivity of the dairy farms through mainly decreasing the availability of replacement stock and production of milk. It is therefore, suggested that implementation of improved calf and farm management practices and proper environmental protection in the study areas would significantly reduce calf mortality and morbidity.
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Arterio-Venous Vascular Malformation of the Auricle Supplied by the Collaterals of Six Main Arteries: Case Report

Arterio-venous malformation (AVM) accounts for 1.5% of extra cranial hemangiomas and vascular malformations, and is often found in the head, face and limbs. It is the most dangerous type of vascular malformations and is the most difficult to cure
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Relationship between Insight, Self-Stigma and Level of Hope among Patients with Schizophrenia

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Utilization of Antibiotic among University Medical Students from Tripoli, Libya

Irrational antibiotic use has led society to antibiotic resistance, a serious health problem worldwide. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of antibiotics self-medication among university medical students in Tripoli city.
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Repellency Activity of Synthetic Blends of Semio-Chemicals from Xylopia aethiopica and Dennittia tripetala against Prostephanus truncatus (Horn)

Laboratory bioassays were conducted in Calabar, Nigeria, to evaluate repellencies of the essential oils extracted from Xylopia aethiopica and Dennittia tripetala fruits, chemical constituents of the oils and their blends as well as compare repellencies of the blends with those of the constituents using a 3-day old adult Prostephanus truncatus, a primary pest of stored maize and dried cassava chips, cultured in the laboratory. Fresh fruits of X. aethiopica and D. tripetala, 100 g each was collected, washed and dried, then pounded separately using laboratory pestle and mortar for the extraction of essential oils
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The development and validation of the Factors Affecting Adherence Scale in Greece

Despite hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor; only a few patients are adherent to therapy. Therefore, it is essential the acknowledgment of factors affecting adherence. The development and validation of a scale assessing factors affecting patients’ adherence to the therapeutic regimen.
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Screening & Awareness of Breast Cancer in an Urban Slum of Pakistan: A Pilot Study

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women across the world with low survival rates in less developed countries. Low survival rates in less developed countries can be explained mainly by the lack of early detection programs and lack of adequate diagnosis and treatment facilities.
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The Quality Changes of Frozen and Dried Tiny Shrimp (Macrobrachium nipponense) Meat during Six Months Storage

In this study, Macrobrachium nipponense tiny shrimp meats using two methods of drying and freezing along with metalized polyethylene pouches were kept for 6 months. Then their chemical properties (proximate composition, thiobarbituric acid (TBARS), peroxide value (PV), total volatile nitrogen (TVB-N) and free fatty acids (FFA)), microbial (total bacteria count) and sensory (odor, flavor, and color) analyses were evaluated.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to LF

Abolfazl Dohaei

Researcher
Department of Cardiology
Mayo Clinic
United States

Shirley Mcilvenny

Professor
Department of Health and Nutrition
National Institute of Integrative Medicine
Australia

Alfio Ferlito

Professor and Chairman
ENT clinic
University of Udine School of Medicine
Italy

Mo SONG

Professor
Department of Materials
Loughborough University
United Kingdom

Giorgio Biasiol

Scientist
Institute of Materials
Italy

NATASHA TASEVSKA

Assistant Professor
School of Nutrition and Health Promotion
Arizona State University
United States

Muhammad Nasir Afzal

Professor & Director
Department of physiology
College of Medicine, Alfaisal University
Saudi Arabia

Fatemeh Baghbani

Faculty of Biomedical Engineering
Amirkabir University of Technology
Iran

Andrzej Wernicki

Professor
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Life Sciences
Poland

Avner Meoded

Neuroimaging Research Fellow
NIH/NINDS
United States
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