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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Improves Cognition in Patients Severe TBI; A Prospective Study

Cognitive impairment post TBI is an important factor in rehabilitation outcomes. Pharmacological and therapeutic services do not directly address damage to the cortical infrastructure. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is known to improve brain function and healing.
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Normal Value of Antistreptolysin O Titer in Rheumatoid Heart Disease who are on Secondary Prophylaxis and in Apparently Healthy Children at Debreberhan Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

Anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titer assists for the diagnosis of streptococcal infections and their sequele. Normal value of Anti-streptolysin O titer is not available for Ethiopian populations. These studies establishes and compare the normal reference value in Rheumatoid Heart Disease (RHD) and in apparently healthy children.
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Knowledge, Awareness and Use of Neurodynamic Mobilization in Athletes Training Among Palestinian Physiotherapists

The use of Neurodynamic mobilizations to improve those qualities had not been enough studies; the aim of this research is to investigate the knowledge, use, and awareness of Palestinian physiotherapists about the Neurodyanimc mobilization (NDM) effect on the above-mentioned variables.
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Characterization of Pugmark for Animal Species Identification for Forensic Importance

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The Perception of Patient Safety Culture among Physicians at an Academic Tunisian Hospital

Patient safety has become a priority issue in health policy and healthcare management around the world. Assessing physician’s attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety is the first stage of developing a safety culture. This study aimed to measure patient safety culture among physicians in Abderrahman Mami hospital, Ariana, Tunisia.
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Establishing a Special Open Field Test Appliance for Tree Shrews Evaluates their Stressed Locomotor Behavior

It has a great significance to establish a high repetitive and special system to evaluate locomotion for tree shrew animal models, especially neuropsychiatric models. Thus, we designed a special open field test appliance for tree shrews by using a polymer PMMA board (plexiglass). The locomotion of naïve tree shrews was detected twice in it. By using Any-maze Software tracing the motion trajectory, we found that the motion trajectory and the distance were very similar in both tests. It demonstrated that the appliance designed for tree shrews had extremely high reliability and stability.
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Clinicopathological Pattern and Treatment Outcomes of Acute Bowel Obstruction at a Rural Kenyan Hospital

Acute intestinal obstruction is a leading cause of emergency surgical admissions worldwide. The pattern of clinical presentation, pathology and outcome of intestinal obstruction vary with geographical location even within the same country. The aim of this study was to identify the clinico-pathological pattern and treatment outcomes of patients with acute mechanical and functional intestinal obstruction managed at Nyeri county referral hospital in central Kenya between 2008 and 2013.
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Blood Type Distribution in Patients Attending the Laboratory of Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital, in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Determining erythrocyte antigens is a crucial and preventive procedure in case of any immunohematology accident.
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Pattern of Injuries in Patients Admitted to the Emergency Department of Alexandria Main University Hospital and its Relation to Substance Use

Injuries are one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality among the non-communicable diseases. They also represent a big economic burden in countries worldwide. Substance abuse and injuries both are dangerous phenomena in all countries. The relation between addiction and injuries is obscure, and what occurs first is the question. The aim of this work was to determine the pattern of injuries in patients attended to the emergency department of Alexandria Main University Hospital and its relation to substance use.
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Epidemiological, Clinical and Radiographic Profile of Thoracic Manifestations Associated with Sickle Cell Anemia in Adults at Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo in Ouagadougou at Burkina Faso

Sickle cell anemia is a public health priority, but do its chest manifestations always require a chest radiography ? Our study aims to determine the epidemiological, clinical and radiographic profiles of the thoracic manifestations in the drepanocytic adult in the city of Ouagadougou (BURKINA FASO).
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Bioequivalence between Two Capsules of Pirfenidonein Healthy Subjects under Fed Condition

Pirfenidone capsules are indicated for the treatment of patients with Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The Bioavailability of two formulations containing pirfenidone 267 mg hard gelatin capsules was compared in a bioequivalence study under fed conditions. The study was single dose, randomized, open label, two-period crossover, with Brazilian healthy subjects, males and nonpregnant females.
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Cognitive Enhancers Derived from Edible Crops

The concept of an effective cognitive boosting nootropic supplement is gaining traction with consumers, neuroscientists and regulators alike and it is therefore unsurprising that scientifically validated Nootropics are highly prized. New research demonstrates edible crops could be useful sources to mine for new nootropics; plant extracts enriched with an array of cognitive enhancing metabolites. There is merit in investigating these plant species. Metadata has identifies consuming specific fruit and vegetables positively affects cognitive function; therefore these same edible crop plants present as opportunities for developing nootropic formulations. This hypothesis is supported by positive data obtained through clinical testing [e.g. extracts of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), herbs from the Genus Salvia, cocoa (Theobroma), tea (Camellia sinensisor) and coffee (Coffea Arabica). This review will discuss clinically tested cognitive enhancers derived from edible crop species and discuss their use alongside other classes of nootropics.
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A Case of Lambda AL Type Skeletal Amyloidosis with Vascular Myopathy Achieved Clinical Response after Autologous Stem Cell Transplant

Amyloidosis involving the vascular musculoskeletal system is rare and currently, there is no standard treatment protocol for the treatment of skeletal muscle AL amyloidosis associated with vascular myopathies. Furthermore, the data on the efficacy and safety of autologous stem cell transplant is unclear. In this rare case, a biopsy-proven diagnosis of AL type amyloidosis with an unusual presentation of proximal muscle weakness significantly improved with high dose melphalan followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. The patient achieved and maintained remission for a year post-transplant
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Anemia Associated to Helicobacter pylori at Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo (CHU-YO) of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso

Infection with Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) is implicated in iron and vitamin B12 deficiencies without any etiologies. Our prospective study conducted at the Teaching Hospital Yalgado OUEDRAOGO at OUAGADOUGOU (BURKINA FASO) aimed to find a link between H. pyloriinfection and anemia in our context. Patients and Methods:Were selected, patients with iron deficien
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Efficacy of Chemical and Organic Fungicides against Spot Blotch Management of Wheat

Spot blotch of wheat caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana is a problematic biotic constraint that causes 15-80% yield abatement in the Indian subcontinent and other parts of the world
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Introduction to the special issue on ‘Nanostructures by Valve Metal Anodization’

With this special issue of JMSN we are pleased to present significant contributions to a fascinating topic in the field of materials nanostructing, which is the anodization of valve metals. By this treatment porous oxides of controlled geometry can be grown on the respective metal surfaces. To date, aluminum (Al) has been used most often, as confirmed in this special issue where nine out of ten contributions deals with its anodization.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to SP

Arif Gulzar

Department of Material Science and Chemical Engineering
Harbin Engineering University
China

Almutez Gharaibeh

Associate professor
Department of special surgery
University of Jordan
Jordan

Ashraf Youssef Nasr

Associate professor
Department of Anatomy & Embryology
Zagazig University
Egypt

JOE DEUTSCH

Associate Professor
Department of Health, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences
North Dakota State University
United States

GOPAL NATH TIWARI

Professor
Centre for Energy Studies
SRM University
India

Lucia Gutierrez Bayard

Associate Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar
Spain

Kam C. Yeung

Associate Professor
Department of Biochemistry & Cancer Biology
University of Toledo College of Medicine
United States

Aleksandar Kibel

Assistant Professor
Department of Physiology and Immunology
University of Osijek
Croatia

Dilip K. Tosh

Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
National Institutes of Health
USA

Ana Rita Ramalho Figueiras

Faculty of Pharmacy
University of Coimbra
Portugal
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