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Articles Related to SP

Clinicopathological Pattern and Treatment Outcomes of Acute Bowel Obstruction at a Rural Kenyan Hospital

Acute intestinal obstruction is a leading cause of emergency surgical admissions worldwide. The pattern of clinical presentation, pathology and outcome of intestinal obstruction vary with geographical location even within the same country. The aim of this study was to identify the clinico-pathological pattern and treatment outcomes of patients with acute mechanical and functional intestinal obstruction managed at Nyeri county referral hospital in central Kenya between 2008 and 2013.
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Blood Type Distribution in Patients Attending the Laboratory of Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital, in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Determining erythrocyte antigens is a crucial and preventive procedure in case of any immunohematology accident.
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Pattern of Injuries in Patients Admitted to the Emergency Department of Alexandria Main University Hospital and its Relation to Substance Use

Injuries are one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality among the non-communicable diseases. They also represent a big economic burden in countries worldwide. Substance abuse and injuries both are dangerous phenomena in all countries. The relation between addiction and injuries is obscure, and what occurs first is the question. The aim of this work was to determine the pattern of injuries in patients attended to the emergency department of Alexandria Main University Hospital and its relation to substance use.
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Epidemiological, Clinical and Radiographic Profile of Thoracic Manifestations Associated with Sickle Cell Anemia in Adults at Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo in Ouagadougou at Burkina Faso

Sickle cell anemia is a public health priority, but do its chest manifestations always require a chest radiography ? Our study aims to determine the epidemiological, clinical and radiographic profiles of the thoracic manifestations in the drepanocytic adult in the city of Ouagadougou (BURKINA FASO).
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Bioequivalence between Two Capsules of Pirfenidonein Healthy Subjects under Fed Condition

Pirfenidone capsules are indicated for the treatment of patients with Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The Bioavailability of two formulations containing pirfenidone 267 mg hard gelatin capsules was compared in a bioequivalence study under fed conditions. The study was single dose, randomized, open label, two-period crossover, with Brazilian healthy subjects, males and nonpregnant females.
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Cognitive Enhancers Derived from Edible Crops

The concept of an effective cognitive boosting nootropic supplement is gaining traction with consumers, neuroscientists and regulators alike and it is therefore unsurprising that scientifically validated Nootropics are highly prized. New research demonstrates edible crops could be useful sources to mine for new nootropics; plant extracts enriched with an array of cognitive enhancing metabolites. There is merit in investigating these plant species. Metadata has identifies consuming specific fruit and vegetables positively affects cognitive function; therefore these same edible crop plants present as opportunities for developing nootropic formulations. This hypothesis is supported by positive data obtained through clinical testing [e.g. extracts of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), herbs from the Genus Salvia, cocoa (Theobroma), tea (Camellia sinensisor) and coffee (Coffea Arabica). This review will discuss clinically tested cognitive enhancers derived from edible crop species and discuss their use alongside other classes of nootropics.
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A Case of Lambda AL Type Skeletal Amyloidosis with Vascular Myopathy Achieved Clinical Response after Autologous Stem Cell Transplant

Amyloidosis involving the vascular musculoskeletal system is rare and currently, there is no standard treatment protocol for the treatment of skeletal muscle AL amyloidosis associated with vascular myopathies. Furthermore, the data on the efficacy and safety of autologous stem cell transplant is unclear. In this rare case, a biopsy-proven diagnosis of AL type amyloidosis with an unusual presentation of proximal muscle weakness significantly improved with high dose melphalan followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. The patient achieved and maintained remission for a year post-transplant
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Anemia Associated to Helicobacter pylori at Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo (CHU-YO) of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso

Infection with Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) is implicated in iron and vitamin B12 deficiencies without any etiologies. Our prospective study conducted at the Teaching Hospital Yalgado OUEDRAOGO at OUAGADOUGOU (BURKINA FASO) aimed to find a link between H. pyloriinfection and anemia in our context. Patients and Methods:Were selected, patients with iron deficien
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Efficacy of Chemical and Organic Fungicides against Spot Blotch Management of Wheat

Spot blotch of wheat caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana is a problematic biotic constraint that causes 15-80% yield abatement in the Indian subcontinent and other parts of the world
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Charles Bonnet Syndrome: Rapid Resolution of Visual Hallucinations with Low Dose Risperidone

Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) comprises of complex visual hallucinations secondary to visual impairment in the presence of preserved cognition. Age related macular degeneration and other factors causing visual deterioration lead to visual hallucinations in 10-15% of patients. Sensory deprivation and social isolation are risk factors for development of CBS. The distressing hallucinations are underreported by patients and to date there are no robust evidence based guidelines to manage these hallucinations. Since visual hallucinations are associated with multiple psychiatric disorders as well, these patients are often referred to mental health providers. Here, we present the case of CBS development after macular degeneration. Rapid and sustained resolution of visual hallucinations and associated distress was observed with low dose Risperidone.
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The Change Level of Concentration of Hsp70 in the Different Age in the Goats in Various Seasons

Difference of ability of breed/animal at tolerance of heat stress, the HSP70 effective is one of the major as a cellular thermometer in response to heat stress.
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The First Suspicions Case of Congeneital Microcephaly Associated with Zika Virus in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Zika virus infection is public health emergency in the world with 4 million people infected in America.The objective of this presentation is to recall and illustrate the fetal microcephaly associated to Zika virus infection in pregnancy
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Anaemia Phenotypes in Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment Defaulting Adults at the Comprehensive Care Clinic at the Siaya County Teaching and Referral Hospital

Anaemia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. While adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) reduces the incidence of anaemia, non-adherence (defaulting) to ART is associated with a number of haematologic derangements including anaemia. However, the mechanisms and predictors of anaemia have not been examined among ART defaulters in western Kenya. This study, therefore, aimed at evaluating the anaemia prevalence and classification of the anaemia based on haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and erythrocyte morphology as well as suppression of erythropoiesis in ART-defaulting adults at a comprehensive care clinic in western Kenya.
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Triphasic Waves in EEG, an Atypical Finding in a Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE) Adult Patient

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a known rare cause of progressive myoclonic encephalitis of childhood and young adults due to a persistent measles virus infection.
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Hand Hygiene Compliance among Healthcare Workers in Public-Sector Rural Hospitals in Benin

It was a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study conducted in the nine (09) pavilions of Aplahoue District Hospital (Benin). The choice was exhaustive because of the small number of employees. The techniques used for data collection consisted of a survey questionnaire and direct observation when providing health care or services. Comparisons of proportions were made using the chi-square test. To search for associated factors, a univariate analysis of the data by simple linear regression was performed using Fisher’s statistical test with a p value considered significant at a 5% threshold.
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Introduction to the special issue on ‘Nanostructures by Valve Metal Anodization’

With this special issue of JMSN we are pleased to present significant contributions to a fascinating topic in the field of materials nanostructing, which is the anodization of valve metals. By this treatment porous oxides of controlled geometry can be grown on the respective metal surfaces. To date, aluminum (Al) has been used most often, as confirmed in this special issue where nine out of ten contributions deals with its anodization.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to SP

Marc G. Sturgill

Associate Professor and Chair
Department of Pharmacy Practice & Administration
Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy
Rutgers University
United States

Paul H. Wooley

Professor
Orthopaedic Research Institute
Wichita State University
United States

Erich J. Baker

Associate Professor
Department of Computer Science
Baylor University
United States

Yan Guo

Assistant Professor
Center for Quantitative Sciences
Vanderbilt University
United States

Eugene S. Kim

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Southern California
United States

MICHAEL CHAPMAN

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
School of Women's and Children's Health
University of New South Wales
Australia

Tarik Kivrak

Assistant Professor
Department of Cardiology
Firat University Hospital
Turkey

Alfio Ferlito

Professor and Chairman
ENT clinic
University of Udine School of Medicine
Italy

Nejat Dalay

Professor
Istanbul University Oncology Institute
Turkey

Murali S. Rao

Professor & Chair
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Loyola University Chicago
USA
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