Top Links

Articles Related to SP

Evaluation of Apolipoprotein E Fragmentation as a Biomarker for Alzheimer’s Disease

Recent studies have supported a role for the proteolytic cleavage of apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) as a potential mechanism for the enhanced dementia risk associated with Alzheimer’s disease. To determine whether APOE4 fragmentation is correlated with AD, ELISA assays were performed with cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples utilizing an antibody that specifically detects a 17 kDa amino-terminal fragment (p17) of APOE (nApoECF antibody). In CSF samples, levels of APOE fragmentation were minimal in both neuropathological normals (NPNs) and AD cases and there were no significant differences between the two cohorts across APOE genotypes.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Usefulness of a Pressure Wire for the Diagnosis of Vasospastic Angina during a Spasm Provocation Test

Spasm provocation tests (SPTs) using a pressure wire and compared the results with those from patients who underwent the same test without a pressure wire.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Processes in Experiences with Uncertainty: How to Approach?

Design of the paper is on the line of combining different knowledge in one space and separating the communicative aspects. The goal of the article is to present a multilevel spacetime model to combine uncertainties to the form of information that gives new possibilities for social interaction and personal growth and development. The study limited itself with studies in three fields-mathematics (AI, number enneagram structures), sociology and world development (interactions visualized with graphs).
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

A Study to Determine the Inheritance Pattern of Characteristics of Handwriting between Parents and Off-springs

Parents are the children’s learning models. A preschooler is influenced by the handwriting of his or her parents. He learns to write letters by imitating or copying the letters formed by the parents.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Splenic Injury after Screening Colonoscopy; Could that Happen Twice? An Unusual Case Report

Iatrogenic splenic injury is a known but rare complication of colonoscopic procedures. Our department describes a very interesting case of the same complication that occurred twice on the same patient. The patient had an elective colonoscopy for microcytic anemia and shortly after the endoscopic procedure she developed excessive abdominal pain and had a syncope episode. She gradually became hemodynamically unstable and needed proper resuscitation. An abdominal tomography scan performed which surprisingly demonstrated active intra-abdominal bleeding pointing a ruptured spleen as the source of the hemorrhage. This finding surprised us given the fact that her past surgical history included a previous splenectomy for the same complication 14 years ago.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Prevalence-of-Anatomical-Celiac-Trunk-Variations-Using-3D-AngiographyComputed-Tomography-Images-in-a-Reference-Hospital

With the advances in the new image techniques and 3D modeling, angiography computed tomography (A-CT) has become a very useful image to study vessels. Prevalence of Celiac Trunk (CeT) variations is common, and have a clinical relevance in preoperative planning. Our objective was to describe prevalence of CeT variations in a study population in Cali, Colombia.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Irrational Anti-Retroviral Therapy Prescription among Children Under 15 Years in Eastern Uganda

Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) has transformed HIV/AIDS into a manageable chronic illness with HIVinfected children having near-normal growth milestones as a result of virologic control and immunologic reconstitution.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

The Evaluation of Functional Mobility Chronic Hemiparetics Submitted to Group Physiotherapy in the Training Circuit Format

Objective: To evaluate the functional mobility of chronic hemiparesis sufferers who undergo 12 weeks of GPCT. IntroductionMethod: We selected 10 chronic hemiparetic patients, aged 21 or over with a medical referral and one-sided hemiparesis with an injury time of ≥12months, capable of walking with or without help and having the ability to perform walking tests. Interviews to collect personal data were conducted, which were then evaluated by Time up & go (TUG) which recorded the time taken for the patient to stand up from a chair, walk 3 meters, return and sit constituting the initial assessment (AV1) and after 12 weeks of intervention with GPCT the final evaluations were taken (AV2).
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Infective Endocarditis at Tricuspid Valve in CHD: What are its Characteristics? What is the Pathophysiology?

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious infectious disease that carries a high mortality rate. We report the case of 74-year-old female who is a chronic hemodialysis patient, and was presented with tricuspid valve endocarditis (TVIE) with central venous catheter, due to an Enterobacter Cloacae, which is a non-HACEK Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) and has been reported to be an extremely rare pathogen of IE. The patient was treated with imipenem and teicoplanin for a four-week period, with negative Blood culture and normal C reactive protein (CRP) levels at the end. The aim of our study is to understand the pathophysiology of the IE in chronic renal failure (CRF) especially at the tricuspid valve (TV), and to determine the clinical, biological characteristics and therapeutic modalities.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Clinical and Pathological Changes in the Offspring of Rats with Torsio Uteri

We investigated the histopathological changes observed in the brains, organs, and apoptotic changes in the brain of young rats born from rats with torsio uteri that survive. We divided 10 Sprague-Dawley rats with a gestational age of 18-19 days into two groups. The rats in group 1 (i.e., the control group; n=5) were given anesthesia only; the rats in group 2 (study group; n=5) underwent a 360-degree clockwise torsion in their uterus, and the torsion was corrected after 6 hours. The births of the offspring were followed, and 7 female and male offspring 1 month of age were selected in each group. The vaginal openings of the young female offspring were checked to determine the time to reach puberty. The 1-month-old male offspring and the mature young female rats were then decapitated. Tissue samples, including visceral organs, genital organs, and brains, were evaluated by histapathologically; we also investigated apoptosis via the TUNEL method. Although no abortion was observed in any of the pregnant rats in the control group, two abortions were observed in the study group after torsion/detorsion.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

A Study of Immune Response in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Fed Levamisole Incorporated Diet

This study was undertaken to evaluate the influence of levamisole on the immune enhancement of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) against potential bacterial pathogens, Fish with weight of 98±5 g were randomly distributed into seven groups each at a rate of 20 fish per 300-L aquarium and fed on a diet containing 0.0, 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1250 or 1500 mg levamisole/kg diet for eight weeks.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Nutritional Status Assessment of Children with Nutritional Rickets Under Five Years at District Headquarter Hospital, Upper Dir- Pakistan

A cross- sectional study was conducted to assess the nutritional status of the children with rickets aged <5 years at District Headquarter Hospital, Upper Dir in which 50 children were included 33 (66%) male and 17 (34%) female. The study included anthropometric measurement (weight, height and head circumference), clinical presentation, radiographic findings, biochemical assessments, dietary status and information about exposure to sun. clinical results reveal that all children were having one or more clinical signs and symptoms of nutritional rickets including rachitic rosary (14%), widely open anterior fontanel (22%), widening of wrist (14%), bowing of legs (14%), chest infection (22%), diarrhea (10%), delayed eruption of teeth (24%), failure to thrive (10%), fits (4%), sweating (26%) and irritability (20%).
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

On the Formation and On the Surface of Inorganic Lead, Barium and Antimony Based Gunshot Residues: Thermodynamic Approach

In their first full report on the analysis of GSR by SEM-EDS, Wolten and colleagues stated that the great majority of the gunshot residue particles (GSR), between 70 to 100%, have a characteristic morphology thus providing a detection criterion holding significance equal to that provided by the elemental composition. In fact, the particles must have a spherical or spheroidal shape and their surface should appear amorphous, devoid of any crystalline characteristic.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Historical Perspective of Dharwad Forensic Mental Health Services during Pre-Independence Era: A Retrospective Study

Background: History of forensic mental health services provide knowledge regarding its evolution that has undergone tremendous changes over the past two centuries. Aim: To study the forensic mental health services and management of psychiatric patients during pre-independence era. Settings and Design: Retrospective, hospital based chart-review and descriptive study. Methods and Materials: Medical records of 85 cases preserved with the 170-year old psychiatric institute were retrieved to study the variables related to socio-demographic characteristics, family background, clinical profile, treatment methods, admission-discharge procedures, and mortality by retrospective chart-review method. Data was analysed using descriptive statistical measures with significance of P<0.05.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Assessment of Autonomic Function in Subjects Practicing Yoga Using Spectral Analysis and Approximate Entropy Method

Autonomic nervous system involvement in subjects practicing Yoga has rarely been studied and has shown conflicting results. Our main purpose was to assess the effect of Yoga on autonomic function of group of subjects practicing Yoga regularly in comparison with another group with normal control subjects by measuring the frequency gain response of the two groups. Other aim of this study was to determine wither the duration of Yoga practicing correlated with measures of heart rate variability signal (HRV) using approximate entropy index (ApEn).
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Introduction to the special issue on ‘Nanostructures by Valve Metal Anodization’

With this special issue of JMSN we are pleased to present significant contributions to a fascinating topic in the field of materials nanostructing, which is the anodization of valve metals. By this treatment porous oxides of controlled geometry can be grown on the respective metal surfaces. To date, aluminum (Al) has been used most often, as confirmed in this special issue where nine out of ten contributions deals with its anodization.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text


Editorial Board Members Related to SP

GEORGE K. PARASKEVAS

Associate Professor
Department of Anatomy
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Greece

K. RAMANATHAN

Associate Professor
Industrial Biotechnology Division
School of Bio Sciences and Technology
VIT University
INDIA

Eugene S. Kim

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Southern California
United States

SEEMA HAKIM

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
J.N. Medical College
Aligarh Muslim University
India

Abdelwahab Omri

Professor
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Laurentian University
Canada

YARON NIV

Clinical Professor of Medicine
Tel-Aviv University
Israel

Gregory H. Taylor

Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
United States

Makobetsa Khati

Department at CSIR Biosciences
Pretoria
South Africa

Steve A. Maxwell

Associate Professor
Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine
Texas A&M Health Science Center
United States

Konstantin N Konstantinov

Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
University of New Mexico
United States
Submit Manuscript